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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 中戈十心 (LIJP), four-corner 53111, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1080, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32964
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1548, character 36
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2845, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+86C7

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lăj.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (蛇), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 船 (27)
Final: 麻
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 食遮切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑia/ /d͡ʑʰi̯a/ /d͡ʑia/ /ʑia/ /ʑia/ /d͡ʑĭa/ /ʑia/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shé ‹ zyæ › /*Cə.lAj/ snake

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12232 1 /*ɦljaːl/

Noun[edit]

(classifier )

  1. (Elementary Mandarin) snake, serpent
    耶和華女人什麼女人引誘 [MSC, trad.]
    耶和华女人什么女人引诱 [MSC, simp.]
    Yēhéhuá Shén duì nǚrén shuō, nǐ zuò de shì shénme shì ne? Nǚrén shuō, nà shé yǐnyòu wǒ, wǒ jiù chī le. [Pinyin]
    And the Lord God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.

Etymology 2[edit]

From English sir.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. (Cantonese, Hong Kong) sir (used when addressed policeman or male school teachers)

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (蛇), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 支
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 弋支切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jiᴇ/ /ie̯/ /ie/ /jiɛ/ /jiə̆/ /jǐe/ /jɛ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ye › /*laj/ 委蛇 compliant, complacent

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12236 1 /*lal/

Syllable[edit]

  1. (used only as a phonetic element)
      ―    ―  facile (of words); calmly; leisurely
      ―  wēi  ―  winding; meandering; pretending interest and sympathy

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Tower of Babel, Sino-Tibetan etymology.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
へみ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

/pemi//ɸemi//hemi/

From Old Japanese.[1]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana へみ, romaji hemi)

  1. (obsolete) snake

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
へび
Grade: S
kun'yomi

/hemi//hebi/

From earlier hemi.[1] The medial /m/ lost its nasal quality to become a plosive.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana へび, katakana ヘビ, romaji hebi)

  1. snake, serpent
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as ヘミ.

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
くちなわ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

/kutinapa//kutinaɸa//kutinawa//kut͡ɕinawa/

Compound of 朽ち ‎(kuchi, the 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 朽ちる kuchiru, “to rot”) +‎ ‎(nawa, rope, cord).[1] Literally “rotten rope”, based on the appearance of a snake.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana くちなわ, romaji kuchinawa, historical hiragana くちなは)

  1. (obsolete) snake

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sa, i) (hangeul , , revised sa, i, McCune-Reischauer sa, i, Yale sa, i)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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