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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 中戈十心 (LIJP), four-corner 53111, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1080, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32964
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1548, character 36
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2845, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+86C7

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
蛇-silk.svg 蛇-bigseal.svg 蛇-seal.svg

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lăj.[1] This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂɤ³⁵/
Harbin /ʂɤ²⁴/
Tianjin /ʂɑ⁴⁵/
/sɑ⁴⁵/
/ʂɤ⁴⁵/
/sɤ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʂa⁴²/
Qingdao /ʃə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩ɛ⁴²/
Xi'an /ʂɤ²⁴/
Xining /ʂɛ²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂə⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʂə⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʂɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /sɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /se³¹/
Guiyang /se²¹/
Kunming /ʂə³¹/
Nanjing /ʂe²⁴/
Hefei /ʂe⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /sɤ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩e̞¹³/
Hohhot /sɤ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zo²³/
Suzhou /zo¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷei²¹³/
Wenzhou /ze³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕie⁴⁴/
/ɕia⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ɕia⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʂə¹³/
/ʂa¹³/
Xiangtan /ʂɒ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /sɑ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sa¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʃɑ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɛ²¹/
Nanning /sɛ²¹/
Hong Kong /sɛ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sia³⁵/
/t͡sua³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sie⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /yɛ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sua⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tua³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (27)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʑia/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʑia/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑia/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʑia/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʑia/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʑĭa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʑʰi̯a/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shé
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shé
Middle
Chinese
‹ zyæ ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.lAj/
English snake

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 12232
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljaːl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Elementary Mandarin) snake, serpent   (Classifier: )
    耶和華女人:「甚麼?」女人:「引誘。」 [MSC, trad.]
    耶和华女人:“什么?”女人:“引诱。” [MSC, simp.]
    From: 新標點和合本 (Chinese Union Version with New Punctuation), 創世記 (Genesis) 3:13
    Yēhéhuá Shén duì nǚrén shuō: "nǐ zuò de shì shénme shì ne?" nǚrén shuō: "nà shé yǐnyòu wǒ, wǒ jiù chī le." [Pinyin]
    And the Lord God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.

Etymology 2[edit]

From English sir.

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese) sir (used when addressing policemen or male schoolteachers)

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (36)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/jɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jiə̆/
Li
Rong
/ie/
Wang
Li
/jǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ye ›
Old
Chinese
/*laj/
English 委蛇 compliant, complacent

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 12236
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lal/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used as a phonetic element.
      ―    ―  facile (of words); calmly; leisurely
      ―  wēi  ―  winding; meandering; pretending interest and sympathy

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Tower of Babel, Sino-Tibetan etymology.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
へみ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

/pemi//ɸemi//hemi/

From Old Japanese. The older form of modern hebi below.[1] Probably cognate with Korean ‎(baem, snake).

Possibly related to, or influenced by, Old Japanese-derived verb 食む ‎(hamu, to bite).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana へみ, romaji hemi)

  1. (obsolete) snake

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
へび
Grade: S
kun'yomi

/hemi//hebi/

From earlier hemi.[1][2] The medial /m/ lost its nasal quality to become a plosive.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana へび, katakana ヘビ, romaji hebi)

  1. snake, serpent
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as ヘビ.

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
くちなわ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

/kutinapa//kutinaɸa//kutinawa//kut͡ɕinawa/

Compound of 朽ち ‎(kuchi, the 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 朽ちる kuchiru, “to rot”) +‎ ‎(nawa, rope, cord).[1][3][2][5] Literally “rotten rope”, based on the appearance of a snake.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana くちなわ, romaji kuchinawa, historical hiragana くちなは)

  1. (obsolete) snake

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
じゃ
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(zyæ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana じゃ, romaji ja)

  1. snake, large snake, serpent
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  4. 4.0 4.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sa, i) (hangeul , )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Miyako[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana ぱゔ, romaji pav)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(hebi).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ぱゔ, romaji pav)

  1. snake, viper, Okinawan habu

Oki-No-Erabu[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana ひび, romaji hibi)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(hebi).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ひび, romaji hibi)

  1. snake

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana はぶ, romaji habu)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(hebi).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はぶ, romaji habu)

  1. snake, viper, Okinawan habu

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xà, thạch)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.