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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 中戈十心 (LIJP), four-corner 53111, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1080, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32964
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1548, character 36
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2845, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+86C7

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
蛇-silk.svg 蛇-bigseal.svg 蛇-seal.svg

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lăj.[1] This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂɤ³⁵/
Harbin /ʂɤ²⁴/
Tianjin /ʂɑ⁴⁵/
/sɑ⁴⁵/
/ʂɤ⁴⁵/
/sɤ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʂa⁴²/
Qingdao /ʃə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩ɛ⁴²/
Xi'an /ʂɤ²⁴/
Xining /ʂɛ²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂə⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʂə⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʂɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /sɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /se³¹/
Guiyang /se²¹/
Kunming /ʂə³¹/
Nanjing /ʂe²⁴/
Hefei /ʂe⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /sɤ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩e̞¹³/
Hohhot /sɤ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zo¹³/
Suzhou /zo¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷei²¹³/
Wenzhou /ze³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕie⁴⁴/
/ɕia⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ɕia⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʂə¹³/
/ʂa¹³/
Xiangtan /ʂɒ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /sɑ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sa¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʃɑ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɛ²¹/
Nanning /sɛ²¹/
Hong Kong /sɛ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sia³⁵/
/t͡sua³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sie⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /yɛ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sua⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tua³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (27)
Final: (100)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shé
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑia/ /ʑia/ /ʑia/ /ʑia/ /d͡ʑia/ /d͡ʑĭa/ /d͡ʑʰi̯a/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shé ‹ zyæ › /*Cə.lAj/ snake

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12232 1 /*ɦljaːl/

Noun[edit]

  1. (Elementary Mandarin) snake, serpent   (Classifier: )
    耶和華女人:「甚麼?」女人:「引誘。」 [MSC, trad.]
    耶和华女人:“什么?”女人:“引诱。” [MSC, simp.]
    From: 新標點和合本 (Chinese Union Version with New Punctuation), 創世記 (Genesis) 3:13
    Yēhéhuá Shén duì nǚrén shuō: "nǐ zuò de shì shénme shì ne?" nǚrén shuō: "nà shé yǐnyòu wǒ, wǒ jiù chī le." [Pinyin]
    And the Lord God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.

Etymology 2[edit]

From English sir.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese) sir (used when addressing policemen or male schoolteachers)

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (36)
Final: (11)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yí
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/jiᴇ/ /jiɛ/ /jɛ/ /jiə̆/ /ie/ /jǐe/ /ie̯/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ye › /*laj/ 委蛇 compliant, complacent

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12236 1 /*lal/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used as a phonetic element.
      ―    ―  facile (of words); calmly; leisurely
      ―  wēi  ―  winding; meandering; pretending interest and sympathy

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Tower of Babel, Sino-Tibetan etymology.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
へみ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

/pemi//ɸemi//hemi/

From Old Japanese. The older form of modern hebi below.[1]

Possibly related to, or influenced by, Old Japanese-derived verb 食む ‎(hamu, to bite).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana へみ, romaji hemi)

  1. (obsolete) snake

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
へび
Grade: S
kun'yomi

/hemi//hebi/

From earlier hemi.[1][2] The medial /m/ lost its nasal quality to become a plosive.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana へび, katakana ヘビ, romaji hebi)

  1. snake, serpent
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as ヘビ.

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
くちなわ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

/kutinapa//kutinaɸa//kutinawa//kut͡ɕinawa/

Compound of 朽ち ‎(kuchi, the 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 朽ちる kuchiru, “to rot”) +‎ ‎(nawa, rope, cord).[1][3][2][5] Literally “rotten rope”, based on the appearance of a snake.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana くちなわ, romaji kuchinawa, historical hiragana くちなは)

  1. (obsolete) snake

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
じゃ
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(zyæ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana じゃ, romaji ja)

  1. snake, large snake, serpent
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  4. 4.0 4.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sa, i) (hangeul , , revised sa, i, McCune-Reischauer sa, i, Yale sa, i)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Miyako[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana ぱゔ, romaji pav)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(hebi).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ぱゔ, romaji pav)

  1. snake, viper, Okinawan habu

Oki-No-Erabu[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana ひび, romaji hibi)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(hebi).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ひび, romaji hibi)

  1. snake

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana はぶ, romaji habu)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(hebi).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はぶ, romaji habu)

  1. snake, viper, Okinawan habu

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xà, thạch)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.