Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: and
U+87F9, 蟹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-87F9

[U+87F8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+87FA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142, +13, 19 strokes, cangjie input 弓手中一戈 (NQLMI), four-corner 27136, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1098, character 49
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33668
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1563, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2898, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+87F9

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms

𩼠

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
蟹-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡreːʔ): phonetic  (OC *kreːʔ, *kreːs, *ɡreːʔ, *ɡreːs) + semantic . Originally written as .

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d-k(j)aːj (crab). Compare S'gaw Karen ဆွဲၣ် (hswɛ̀).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hai3 - vernacular;
  • xiai4 - literary.
  • Cantonese
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • hōe/hǒe/hē - vernacular;
    • hāi/hǎi - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (31)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦˠɛX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦᵚæX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣæiX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦaɨjX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣɛX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣaiX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣaiX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xià
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiè
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ X ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-kˁreʔ/
    English crab

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6482
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡreːʔ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. crab (Classifier: c)

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    Readings[edit]

    • Go-on: (ge)
    • Kan-on: かい (kai)
    • Kun: かに (kani, )

    Etymology[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    (kani): a crab.
    Kanji in this term
    かに
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Possibly a compound of (kara, shell) +‎ (ni, red). Possibly cognate with Korean (ge, crab); compare Jeju 깅이 (ging-i, crab).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (かに) (kani

    1. a crab (infraorder Brachyura)

    Usage notes[edit]

    As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as カニ.

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Kikai[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana がにー, romaji ganī)

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Japanese (kani, crab).

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana がにー, romaji ganī)

    1. crab

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun (ge hae))

    1. crab

    Miyako[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana かん, romaji kan)

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Japanese (kani, crab).

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かん, romaji kan)

    1. crab

    Oki-No-Erabu[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana がに, romaji gani)

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Japanese (kani, crab).

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana がに, romaji gani)

    1. crab

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana がに, romaji gani)

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Japanese (kani, crab).

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana がに, romaji gani)

    1. crab

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (giải)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Yoron[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana がん, romaji gan)

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Japanese (kani, crab).

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana がん, romaji gan)

    1. crab