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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142 +13, 19 strokes, cangjie input 弓手中一戈 (NQLMI), four-corner 27136, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1098, character 49
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33668
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1563, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2898, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+87F9

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (蟹), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 佳
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 胡買切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣɛX/ /ɣaiX/ /ɣɛX/ /ɦɯæX/ /ɦaɨjX/ /ɣaiX/ /ɣæiX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiè ‹ X › /*m-kˤreʔ/ crab

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6482 0 /*ɡreːʔ/ 說文蟲在左

Noun[edit]

  1. crab

Synonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(kani): a crab.
Kanji in this term
かに
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Possibly a compound of ‎(kara, shell) +‎ ‎(ni, red). Possibly cognate with Korean ‎(ge, crab); compare the Jeju dialect word 깅이 ‎(ging-i, crab).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かに, katakana カニ, romaji kani)

  1. a crab (infraorder Brachyura)

Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as カニ.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Kikai[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana がにー, romaji ganī)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana がにー, romaji ganī)

  1. crab

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hae) (hangeul , revised hae, McCune-Reischauer hae, Yale hay)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Miyako[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana かん, romaji kan)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かん, romaji kan)

  1. crab

Oki-No-Erabu[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana がに, romaji gani)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana がに, romaji gani)

  1. crab

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana がに, romaji gani)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana がに, romaji gani)

  1. crab

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giải)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Yoron[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana がん, romaji gan)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana がん, romaji gan)

  1. crab