Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+87F9, 蟹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-87F9

[U+87F8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+87FA]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142 +13, 19 strokes, cangjie input 弓手中一戈 (NQLMI), four-corner 27136, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1098, character 49
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33668
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1563, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2898, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+87F9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kreː, *kreːʔ, *kreːs
*kreːʔ, *kreːs, *ɡreːʔ, *ɡreːs
*kreːʔ
*kreːs
*kreːs
*kreːs
*ɡreːʔ
*ɡreːʔ
*ɡreːʔ
*ɡreːʔ
*ɡreːs

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hōe/hē/hě - vernacular;
  • hāi/hǎi - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (31)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠɛX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚæX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣæiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨjX/
Li
Rong
/ɣɛX/
Wang
Li
/ɣaiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣaiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xià
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiè
Middle
Chinese
‹ X ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-kˤreʔ/
English crab

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6482
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡreːʔ/
Notes

Noun[edit]

  1. crab

Synonyms[edit]

  • (Mandarin) 螃蟹 (pángxiè)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(kani): a crab.
Kanji in this term
かに
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Possibly a compound of (kara, shell) +‎ (ni, red). Possibly cognate with Korean (ge, crab); compare the Jeju dialect word 깅이(ging-i, crab).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かに, katakana カニ, romaji kani)

  1. a crab (infraorder Brachyura)

Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as カニ.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Kikai[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana がにー, romaji ganī)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (kani, crab).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana がにー, romaji ganī)

  1. crab

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hae) (hangeul , revised hae, McCune-Reischauer hae, Yale hay)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Miyako[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana かん, romaji kan)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (kani, crab).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かん, romaji kan)

  1. crab

Oki-No-Erabu[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana がに, romaji gani)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (kani, crab).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana がに, romaji gani)

  1. crab

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana がに, romaji gani)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (kani, crab).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana がに, romaji gani)

  1. crab

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giải)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Yoron[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana がん, romaji gan)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (kani, crab).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana がん, romaji gan)

  1. crab