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Character
Unicode name HANGUL SYLLABLE GE
Code point U+AC8C
Entity number 게
Unicode block Hangul Syllables
Composition +
Dubeolsik input r-p
[U+AC8B] [U+AC8D]

Korean[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]




거 ←

겨 →

Syllable[edit]

(transliterations: RR ge, RRT , McCune–Reischauer ke, Yale key)

  1. A Hangul syllabic block made up of and .

Etymology 2[edit]

Particle[edit]

‎(ge)

  1. A shortened form of the dative particle 에게 (ege); to, (for, by)
Usage notes[edit]
  • Like 에게 (ege), (ge) is only used only with nouns denoting animate objects (usually people or animals). This shortened form is only used with a few common words that end in a vowel, such as (nae, “I”) (alternate form), (ne, “you”) (alternate form), or (je, “I”) (humble, alternate form).
    사랑을 주세요.
    Naege sarang-eul juseyo.
    Please give me love.
  • For nouns denoting inanimate objects, (e) is used instead.

Etymology 3[edit]

Contraction of .

Noun[edit]

‎(ge)

  1. thing (nominative case)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Contraction of 거기. First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as 그ᅌᅥ긔 (Yale: ku.nge.kuy). Later shortened into 그ᅌᅦ (Yale: Ku.ngey)

Pronoun[edit]

‎(ge)

  1. there
    누구 느냐?
    Ge nugu inneunya?
    Is someone there?
See also[edit]
Korean demonstratives (edit)
Determiner 어느
Pronoun Human 이이 그이 저이
이분 그분 저분
이자 그자 저자
이놈 그놈 저놈
이년 그년 저년
Object () ()
이것 그것 저것 어느 것
이거 그거 저거 어느 거
Place 여기 거기 저기 어디
이곳 그곳 저곳
Direction 이쪽 그쪽 저쪽 어느 쪽
Verb 이러다 그러다 저러다 어쩌다
Adjective 이렇다 그렇다 저렇다 어떻다
이러하다 그러하다 저러하다 어떠하다
Adverb 이리 그리 저리 어찌
이렇게 그렇게 저렇게 어떻게
이만큼 그만큼 저만큼

Etymology 5[edit]

First attested in the Gugeupbang eonhae (救急方諺解 / 구급방언해), 1466, as  (Yale: key). Words with similar shapes exist in the region, compare Jeju 깅이 ‎(ging-i), Japanese ‎(kani), Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d-k(j)aːj ~ d-k(j)an ‎(crab), Old Chinese ‎(*m-kˁreʔ).

Noun[edit]

‎(ge)

  1. crab

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

First attested in the Worin cheongangjigok (月印千江之曲 / 월인천강지곡), 1449, as  (Yale: kuy).

Inflectional suffix[edit]

‎(ge)

  1. an adverbial suffix
    하늘 물들었다.
    Haneuri bulge muldeureotda.
    The sky turned red.
  2. so that; to the extent where
    마시.
    Mul masige keop jom.
    A cup please, so I can have water.
    그의 맞춘 배달되어 왔다.
    Geuui mome kkok matge matchun osi baedaldoeeo watda.
    The clothes, which were made to fit him perfectly, were delivered.
Usage notes[edit]

The suffix (ge) is directly appended to the stem of a verb, an adjective, or 이다 (ida), and if the stem ends in the consonant (l), it does not drop out.

When used right before 하다 (hada, “to do”), it may make the preceding verb causative, and it may imply a slight passiveness if right before 되다 (doeda, “to become”).

나중에 또 만나 되면맛난 거 먹 .
Najung-e tto mannage doemyeon deo mannan geo meokge hae julge.
I'll let you eat more yummy things when we meet again someday.
See also[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Inflectional suffix[edit]

‎(ge)

  1. a familiar style imperative suffix
    말하. 그날 자네는 뭘 하고 있었?
    Malhage. Geunal janeneun mwol hago isseonna?
    Please tell me. What were you doing that day?
Usage notes[edit]

The suffix (ge) is directly attached to the stem of a verb, and if the stem ends in the consonant (l), it does not drop out.

See also[edit]

Etymology 8[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Inflectional suffix[edit]

‎(ge)

  1. Are you going to...?
    지금? 너무 이르 않아?
    Jigeum gage? Neomu ireuji ana?
    Are you going now? Isn't it too early?
  2. Guess what/if...!
    누구?
    Nuguge?
    Guess who!
  3. used to sarcastically deny the possibility of being true
    말만 하면 다 되?
    Malman hamyeon da doege?
    Will it be all done just by saying?
    네가 검사면 난 판사? 차라리 대통령이라고 해라!
    Nega geomsamyeon nan pansage? Charari daetongnyeong-irago haera!
    Were you to be the prosecutor, then would I be the judge? More plausible if you have said the president!
Usage notes[edit]

The suffix (ge) is directly appended to the stem of a verb, an adjective, or 이다 (ida, “to be”), and if the stem ends in the consonant (l), it does not drop out.

See also[edit]

Etymology 9[edit]

Reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable[edit]

(ge)

  1. , , , , ,