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U+AC8C, 게
HANGUL SYLLABLE GE
Composition: +

[U+AC8B]
Hangul Syllables
[U+AC8D]




거 ←→ 겨
See also: -게

(see here for particles and suffixes)

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ge
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ge
McCune–Reischauer?ke
Yale Romanization?key

Dependent noun[edit]

(ge)

  1. (colloquial) Contraction of (geo-i); nominative of (geo)
    Synonym: (formal) (geos-i)
    ?Geu-ge mwo-ya?What's that?
    공부하는 싫대.Gongbu-haneun ge siltae.He says he doesn't like studying.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Expected (geo-ga) is not common.

Etymology 2[edit]

First attested in the Gugeupbang eonhae (救急方諺解 / 구급방언해), 1466, as Middle Korean 게〯 (Yale: kěy).

Middle Korean rising pitch implies an earlier bisyllabic form; Japanese (kani) is a clear cognate.

Consider also Northwestern Korean 궝이 (gwong'i, crab) and Jeju 깅이 (ging'i, crab), although both could be secondary developments because Koreanic varieties sometimes insert /ŋ/ to break hiatus between vowels.

Pronunciation[edit]

(ge, crab)
  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ke̞(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ge
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ge
McCune–Reischauer?ke
Yale Romanization?kēy

Noun[edit]

(ge)

  1. crab
Usage notes[edit]
  • In contemporary Seoul pronunciation, this word is homophonous with (gae, dog). Speakers may resort to circumlocutions in ambiguous situations, e.g. 멍멍 (meongmeong gae, dog that goes meong-meong), 따각따각 (ttagakttagak ge, crab that goes ttagak-ttagak), or '꽃게' ( kkotge hal ttae ge, 'crab' as in 'horse crab').
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Korean 그ᅌᅦ (Yale: ku.ngey), contraction of 그ᅌᅥ긔 (Yale: ku.ngekuy).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ge
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ge
McCune–Reischauer?ke
Yale Romanization?key

Pronoun[edit]

(ge)

  1. (archaic) Contraction of 거기 (geogi, there).
    누구 느냐?Ge nugu in-neunya?Is someone there?/Who's there?

Etymology 4[edit]

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable[edit]

(ge)

Extended content
  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰˠiᴇiH, ɡɨɐt̚, ɡˠiᴇt̚, kʰˠiᴇt̚))
  2. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡˠiᴇiH, ɡˠiᴇt̚))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰˠiᴇiH))
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC kei, kʰeiX))
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡˠiᴇt̚))

References[edit]