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See also: and
U+4E39, 丹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E39

[U+4E38]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E3A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 3 +3, 4 strokes, cangjie input 月卜 (BY), four-corner 77440, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 80, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 99
  • Dae Jaweon: page 162, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 44, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E39

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
丹-oracle.svg 丹-bronze.svg 丹-seal.svg 丹-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːn
*tjan
*tjan

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • dang1 - literary;
  • duan1 - vernacular (limited, e.g. 牡丹).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (5)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tan/
    Li
    Rong
    /tɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /tɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dān
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    dān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tan ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tˤan/
    English cinnabar

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1980
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*taːn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. cinnabar
    2. refined medical substance
    3. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    • 朱砂 (zhūshā, “cinnabar”)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji ni)

    1. red
    2. red earth

    Related terms[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (dan, ran (nan))

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): , (난) (revised: dan, ran (nan), McCune-Reischauer: tan, ran (nan))
      • Name (hangeul): 붉을, 정성스러울 (revised: bulgeun, jeongseongsureoul, McCune-Reischauer: pulgǔn, jǒngsǒngsǔrǒul)
    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (đam, đan, đơn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]