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See also: and
U+4E39, 丹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E39

[U+4E38]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E3A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 3, +3, 4 strokes, cangjie input 月卜 (BY), four-corner 77440, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 80, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 99
  • Dae Jaweon: page 162, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 44, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E39

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
丹-oracle.svg 丹-bronze.svg 丹-seal.svg 丹-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːn
*tjan
*tjan

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • dang1 - literary;
  • duan1 - vernacular (limited, e.g. 牡丹).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (5)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tan/
    Li
    Rong
    /tɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /tɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dān
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    dān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tan ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tˤan/
    English cinnabar

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1980
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*taːn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. cinnabar
    2. refined medical substance
    3. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    • 朱砂 (zhūshā, “cinnabar”)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. cinnabar
    2. red
    3. elixir made with cinnabar (e.g. Chinese elixir of life)
    4. improvised medicine
    5. devotion
    6. Short for 丹波国 (Tanba-koku, Tanba Province)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese, also used as 借音 (shakuon) kana for ⟨ni⟩.

    Cognate with (ni, earth, ground).[1][2]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji ni)

    1. the color red
      Synonyms: 赤色 (akairo), 丹色 (niiro)
    2. red earth
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    たん
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC tɑn).

    Used in the Man'yōshū (c. 759 CE) as 借音 (shakuon) kana for ⟨ta⟩.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana たん, rōmaji tan)

    1. cinnabar
      Synonym: 辰砂 (shinsha)
    2. a yellowish-red pigment made from lead oxide, used, for example, in nihonga
    3. medicine, especially one for inducing immortality
      Synonym: (yaku)
    4. a yellow-red color, as of cinnabar
    Derived terms[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana たん, rōmaji Tan)

    1. a surname

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (dan, ran (nan))

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): , (난) (revised: dan, ran (nan), McCune–Reischauer: tan, ran (nan))
      • Name (hangeul): 붉을, 정성스러울 (revised: bulgeun, jeongseongsureoul, McCune–Reischauer: pulgǔn, jǒngsǒngsǔrǒul)
    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (đam, đan, đơn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]