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Translingual[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
丹-oracle.svg 丹-bronze.svg 丹-bigseal.svg 丹-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Han character[edit]

(radical 3 +3, 4 strokes, cangjie input 月卜 (BY), four-corner 77440, composition)

  1. cinnabar (native HgS)
  2. vermilion (artificial HgS used as pigment)
  3. (medicine): tablet, capsule, pill

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 80, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 99
  • Dae Jaweon: page 162, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 44, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E39

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/tɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tan/
Li
Rong
/tɑn/
Wang
Li
/tɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dān
Middle
Chinese
‹ tan ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤan/
English cinnabar

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1980
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*taːn/

Noun[edit]

  1. cinnabar

Synonyms[edit]

  • 朱砂 (zhūshā, “cinnabar”)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ni)

  1. red
  2. red earth

Related terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dan, ran (nan))
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): , (난) (revised: dan, ran (nan), McCune-Reischauer: tan, ran (nan))
  • Name (hangeul): 붉을, 정성스러울 (revised: bulgeun, jeongseongsureoul, McCune-Reischauer: pulgǔn, jǒngsǒngsǔrǒul)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đam, đan, đơn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]