牡丹

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Chinese

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male
red; pellet; powder
red; pellet; powder; cinnabar
 
simp. and trad.
(牡丹)
Wikipedia has articles on:
牡丹

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (4) (5)
Final () (137) (61)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Baxter muwX tan
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/məuX/ /tɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/məuX/ /tɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/məuX/ /tɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/məwX/ /tan/
Li
Rong
/muX/ /tɑn/
Wang
Li
/məuX/ /tɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mə̯uX/ /tɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
mǒu dān
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
mau5 daan1

Noun

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牡丹

  1. tree peony (Paeonia sect. Moutan)
  2. (obsolete) marlberry

Synonyms

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic (牡丹):

Others:

Proper noun

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牡丹

  1. () Mudan (a district of Heze, Shandong, China)
  2. () Mudan (a mountain indigenous township in Pingtung County, Taiwan)

Descendants

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Japanese

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Etymology 1

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Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
たん
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 牡丹 (MC muwX tan).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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()(たん) or 牡丹(ボタン) (botan

  1. a peony, especially the Chinese tree peony, Paeonia suffruticosa
    Synonyms: 国色 (kokushoku), 天香国色 (tenkō kokushoku), 隣草 (tonarigusa), 名取草 (natorigusa), 富貴草 (fūkigusa), 深見草 (fukamigusa)
  2. a 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with various designs of peony petals and twigs
  3. (historical) boar meat
  4. (card games) a suit in 花札 (hanafuda), representing the month of June
    Coordinate terms: , , , , 菖蒲, 牡丹, , , , 紅葉, ,
Derived terms
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Idioms
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Proper noun

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()(たん) (Botan

  1. a place name
  2. a surname
  3. a female given name

Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term
ぼう
Jinmeiyō
たん
Grade: S
on'yomi

/botan//boːtan/

Long-pronounced form, replacing the kanyōon reading bo with the kan'on reading of . Primarily used in haiku, for example.[1]

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(ぼう)(たん) or 牡丹(ボウタン) (bōtan

  1. a peony
  2. a 小袖 (kosode, short-sleeved robe) worn by maidservants of the Imperial Palace
  3. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean

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Hanja in this term

Noun

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牡丹 (moran) (hangeul 모란)

  1. Hanja form? of 모란 (peony).

Vietnamese

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chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Noun

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牡丹

  1. chữ Hán form of mẫu đơn (peony).