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U+77F8, 矸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-77F8

[U+77F7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+77F9]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 112 +3, 8 strokes, cangjie input 一口一十 (MRMJ), four-corner 11640, composition)

  1. a rock or cliff

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 827, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24038
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1241, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2417, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+77F8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*krads, *krads, *ked, *kad
*kaːn
竿 *kaːn
*kaːn
*kaːn
*kaːn
*kaːn, *ɡaːn, *ɡaːns
*kaːn
*kaːn, *ɡaːns
*kaːn
*kaːn, *ɡaːn
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ, *kaːns, *ɡaːns
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːns
*kaːns
*kaːns
*kaːns
*kaːns, *ɡraːns
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kʰaːn
*kʰaːn, *kʰaːns, *kreːn, *kan
*kʰaːnʔ, *kʰaːns
*ŋaːn, *ŋaːns
*ŋaːn, *ŋaːns, *ɦŋaːns, *ŋ̥ʰraːn
*ŋaːns, *hŋaːn, *ŋaːd
*ŋɡaːns
*qʰaːn, *ɢaːns
*qʰaːnʔ, *qʰaːns
*qʰaːnʔ, *ɡaːns
*qʰaːnʔ
*ɡaːn
*ɡaːnʔ
*ɡaːnʔ
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns, *kʰraːn
*ɡaːns, *ɡraːnʔ
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡʷranʔ
*ɡraːns
*kan
*ɡan, *ɡʷad
*qʰan
*qʰan
*qʰaːŋʔ
*ɡʷaːnʔ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (28) (33) (28)
Final () (61) (61) (61)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () I I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑnX/ /ɦɑnH/ /kɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑnX/ /ɦɑnH/ /kɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑnX/ /ɣɑnH/ /kɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kanX/ /ɦanH/ /kanH/
Li
Rong
/kɑnX/ /ɣɑnH/ /kɑnH/
Wang
Li
/kɑnX/ /ɣɑnH/ /kɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑnX/ /ɣɑnH/ /kɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gǎn hàn gàn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 3579 3590 3619
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːnʔ/ /*kaːns/ /*ɡaːns/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min Nan) bottle
    [Min Nan]  ―  chiú-kan [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  wine bottle
  2. (Min Nan) Classifier for bottles.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (bottle):
Dialectal synonyms of 瓶子 (“bottle”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 瓶子
Mandarin Beijing 瓶兒瓶子
Taiwan 瓶子
Jinan 瓶子
Xi'an 瓶子
Wuhan 瓶子
Chengdu 瓶瓶兒瓶子
Yangzhou 瓶子
Hefei 瓶子
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang 瓶子
Hakka Meixian 盎仔罐仔
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 罐仔盎仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 罐仔盎仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 罐仔盎仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping) 罐仔盎仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan 瓶子
Min Bei Jian'ou 甕仔瓶仔
Min Dong Fuzhou 瓶瓶
Min Nan Xiamen 矸仔瓶仔
Quanzhou 矸仔
Zhangzhou 矸仔
Taipei 矸仔
Penang 瓿瓵
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou 瓶兒
Xiang Changsha 瓶子
Shuangfeng 瓶子
  • (classifier):
Dialectal synonyms of (“classifier for bottles”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Penang 瓿瓵
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]