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U+6C57, 汗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C57

[U+6C56]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C58]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 水一十 (EMJ), four-corner 31140, composition)

  1. perspiration, sweat

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 605, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17130
  • Dae Jaweon: page 999, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1550, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+6C57

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*krads, *krads, *ked, *kad
*kaːn
竿 *kaːn
*kaːn
*kaːn
*kaːn
*kaːn, *ɡaːn, *ɡaːns
*kaːn
*kaːn, *ɡaːns
*kaːn
*kaːn, *ɡaːn
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ, *kaːns, *ɡaːns
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːns
*kaːns
*kaːns
*kaːns
*kaːns, *ɡraːns
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kʰaːn
*kʰaːn, *kʰaːns, *kreːn, *kan
*kʰaːnʔ, *kʰaːns
*ŋaːn, *ŋaːns
*ŋaːn, *ŋaːns, *ɦŋaːns, *ŋ̥ʰraːn
*ŋaːns, *hŋaːn, *ŋaːd
*ŋɡaːns
*qʰaːn, *ɢaːns
*qʰaːnʔ, *qʰaːns
*qʰaːnʔ, *ɡaːns
*qʰaːnʔ
*ɡaːn
*ɡaːnʔ
*ɡaːnʔ
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns, *kʰraːn
*ɡaːns, *ɡraːnʔ
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡʷranʔ
*ɡraːns
*kan
*ɡan, *ɡʷad
*qʰan
*qʰan
*qʰaːŋʔ
*ɡʷaːnʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːn, *ɡaːn, *ɡaːns): semantic  + phonetic (OC *kaːn).

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kōaⁿ - vernacular;
  • hān - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (33)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦanH/
Li
Rong
/ɣɑnH/
Wang
Li
/ɣɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ hanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.[ɡ]ˤa[r]-s/
English sweat (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 3616
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. sweat; perspiration   (Classifier: )
    /   ―  Wǒ zhèng liú zhe hàn.  ―  I'm dripping with sweat.
    /   ―  chū le yī tóu dà hàn  ―  The head is sweating a lot.
  2. (literary) to sweat; to perspire
  3. (literary) condensation on bamboo when put over fire
  4. (Internet slang) Word used to express embarrassment, speechlessness or helplessness.

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (33)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦan/
Li
Rong
/ɣɑn/
Wang
Li
/ɣɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hán
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 3612
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 可汗 (kèhán) and 汗國汗国 (hánguó).

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (28)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kan/
Li
Rong
/kɑn/
Wang
Li
/kɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gān
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 3573
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 餘汗馀汗.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. sweat

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あせ, romaji ase)

  1. sweat

Pronunciation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(han) (hangeul , revised han, McCune-Reischauer han, Yale han)

  1. ( 한, ttam-): sweat
  2. ( 질펀할 한, mul-jilpeonhal-): flood
  3. ( 임금 한, doe-imgeum-): khan

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]


Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Readings[edit]

  • Native: あし (ashi)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あし, romaji ashi)

  1. sweat

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.