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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːn, *ɡaːn, *ɡaːns): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *kaːn)

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 水一十 (EMJ), four-corner 31140, composition)

  1. perspiration, sweat

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 605, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17130
  • Dae Jaweon: page 999, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1550, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+6C57

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (33) (28) (33)
Final () (61) (61) (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () I I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɑn/ /kɑn/ /ɦɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦɑn/ /kɑn/ /ɦɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɑn/ /kɑn/ /ɣɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦan/ /kan/ /ɦanH/
Li
Rong
/ɣɑn/ /kɑn/ /ɣɑnH/
Wang
Li
/ɣɑn/ /kɑn/ /ɣɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɑn/ /kɑn/ /ɣɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hán gān hàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ hanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.[ɡ]ˤa[r]-s/
English sweat (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 3573 3612 3616
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːn/ /*ɡaːn/ /*ɡaːns/

Noun[edit]

(classifiers (), (tóu), (shēn))

  1. sweat; perspiration
    /   ―  Wǒ zhèng liú zhe hàn.  ―  I'm dripping with sweat.

Symbol[edit]

  1. (Internet slang) Used to express embarrassment, speechlessness, helplessness

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. sweat

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あせ, romaji ase)

  1. sweat

Pronunciation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(han) (hangeul , revised han, McCune-Reischauer han, Yale han)

  1. ( 한, ttam-): sweat
  2. ( 질펀할 한, mul-jilpeonhal-): flood
  3. ( 임금 한, doe-imgeum-): khan

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]


Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Readings[edit]

  • Native: あし (ashi)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あし, romaji ashi)

  1. sweat

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hãn, cạn, khan)

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