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U+6C57, 汗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C57

[U+6C56]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C58]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 水一十 (EMJ), four-corner 31140, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 605, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17130
  • Dae Jaweon: page 999, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1550, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+6C57

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*krads, *krads, *ked, *kad
*kaːn
竿 *kaːn
*kaːn
*kaːn
*kaːn
*kaːn, *ɡaːn, *ɡaːns
*kaːn
*kaːn, *ɡaːns
*kaːn
*kaːn, *ɡaːn
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ, *kaːns, *ɡaːns
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːns
*kaːns
*kaːns
*kaːns
*kaːns, *ɡraːns
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kʰaːn
*kʰaːn, *kʰaːns, *kreːn, *kan
*kʰaːnʔ, *kʰaːns
*ŋaːn, *ŋaːns
*ŋaːn, *ŋaːns, *ɦŋaːns, *ŋ̊ʰraːn
*ŋaːns, *hŋaːn, *ŋaːd
*ŋɡaːns
*qʰaːn, *ɢaːns
*qʰaːnʔ, *qʰaːns
*qʰaːnʔ, *ɡaːns
*qʰaːnʔ
*ɡaːn
*ɡaːnʔ
*ɡaːnʔ
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns, *kʰraːn
*ɡaːns, *ɡraːnʔ
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡʷranʔ
*ɡraːns
*kan
*ɡan, *ɡʷad
*qʰan
*qʰan
*qʰaːŋʔ
*ɡʷaːnʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːn, *ɡaːn, *ɡaːns): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kaːn).

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-(k/ŋ)rul (sweat). Compare Tibetan རྔུལ (rngul, sweat).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • gâng - vernacular;
  • hâng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • kōaⁿ - vernacular;
    • hān - literary.
    Note:
    • guan7 - vernacular;
    • hang2 - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɑnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦɑnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣɑnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦanH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣɑnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣɑnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣɑnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    hàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    hàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hanH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Cə.[ɡ]ˤa[r]-s/
    English sweat (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    No. 3616
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡaːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. sweat; perspiration (Classifier: )
      /   ―  Wǒ zhèng liú zhe hàn.  ―  I'm dripping with sweat.
      /   ―  chū le yī tóu dà hàn  ―  to sweat so much that the head is drenched
    2. (literary) to sweat; to perspire
    3. (literary) condensation on bamboo when put over fire
    4. (Internet slang) Word used to express embarrassment, speechlessness or helplessness.

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦan/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    hán
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    No. 3612
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡaːn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Short for 可汗 (kèhán).

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kan/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /kɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    gān
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    No. 3573
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kaːn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 餘汗馀汗.

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. sweat

    Readings[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あせ, rōmaji ase)

    1. sweat

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
    2. ^ 2002, 京阪系アクセント辞典 (A Dictionary of Tone on Words of the Keihan-type Dialects) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Bensei, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (han) (hangeul )

    1. ( 한, ttam-): sweat
    2. ( 질펀할 한, mul-jilpeonhal-): flood
    3. ( 임금 한, doe-imgeum-): khan

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    See also[edit]


    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Readings[edit]

    • Native: あし (ashi)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あし, romaji ashi)

    1. sweat

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: cạn, hãn, khan

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.