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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ru): semantic  + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 水卜戈山 (EYIU), four-corner 34113, composition)

  1. class
  2. stream of water or something resembling one
  3. style

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 623, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17572
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1019, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1631, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+6D41

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/liu/
Shao
Rongfen
/liəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/luw/
Li
Rong
/liu/
Wang
Li
/lĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
liú
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
liú
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*ru/
English flow (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8335
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ru/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to flow

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ryu>yu) (hangeul >, revised ryu>yu, McCune-Reischauer ryu>yu, Yale lyu>yu)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lưu)

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