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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ru): semantic  + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 水卜戈山 (EYIU), four-corner 34113, composition)

  1. class
  2. stream of water or something resembling one
  3. style

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 623, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17572
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1019, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1631, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+6D41

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final: (136)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: liú
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɨu/ /liu/ /liəu/ /luw/ /liu/ /lĭəu/ /li̯ə̯u/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
liú ‹ ljuw › /*ru/ flow (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8335 1 /*ru/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to flow

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ryu>yu) (hangeul >, revised ryu>yu, McCune-Reischauer ryu>yu, Yale lyu>yu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lưu)

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