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U+6D41, 流
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6D41

[U+6D40]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6D42]
U+F9CA, 流
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F9CA

[U+F9C9]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F9CB]
U+FA97, 流
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA97

[U+FA96]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA98]
流 U+2F902, 流
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F902
海
[U+2F901]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 浩
[U+2F903]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
Mainland China, Japan and Korea
流-bw.png
Stroke order
Taiwan
流-tred.png

Alternative forms[edit]

  • In mainland China (based on Xin Zixing character form), Japanese kanji, Korean hanja and Vietnamese Nôm, the upper right component 𠫓 is written (4 strokes) while the bottom right stroke is written with an ending hook which is the historical form found in the Kangxi Dictionary.
  • In Taiwan and Hong Kong (based on Big5 character form), the upper right component 𠫓 is written (3 strokes) while the bottom right stroke is written without the ending hook.
  • Three CJK compatibility ideographs exist for this character:
    • U+F9CA corresponds to a duplicate character found in South Korea's KS X 1001 character set.
    • U+FA97 corresponds to an alternative form used in North Korea which is similar to the character used in Taiwan/Hong Kong.
    • U+2F902 corresponds to an alternative form used in Taiwan which is similar to the character used in mainland China/Japan/Korea but the bottom right stroke is written without the ending hook.

Han character[edit]

(radical 85, +7, 9 strokes in Chinese in traditional Chinese, 10 strokes in mainland China and Japanese, 10 strokes in Korean, cangjie input 水卜戈山 (EYIU), four-corner 34113, composition(GJKV or U+F9CA or U+2F902) or ⿰𠫓丿(HT or U+FA97))

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Wikidata has structured data related to:

Wikidata

  • KangXi: page 623, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17572
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1019, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1631, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+6D41

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia has articles on:
流 (数学) (Written Standard Chinese?)
Flow (mathematics) (English)

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ru
*ru
*ru
*ru
*ru
*ru

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ru): semantic  + phonetic .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lâu - vernacular;
  • liû - literary.
Note:
  • lao5 - vernacular;
  • liu5 - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɨu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /liu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /liəu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /luw/
    Li
    Rong
    /liu/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭəu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯ə̯u/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    liú
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    liú
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ljuw ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ru/
    English flow (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 8335
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ru/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to flow
        ―  liúhàn  ―  to sweat
      /   ―  liúlèi  ―  to cry; to let tears flow
        ―  liúxuè  ―  to bleed
    2. to drift; to wander
      /   ―  liúlián  ―  to linger; to be reluctant to leave
    3. class; grade
        ―  liú  ―  first class; top grade
    4. (of water, electricity, other fluids) current; flow; stream
      /   ―  liú  ―  airflow
      /   ―  diànliú  ―  electric current
    5. to spread; to scatter; to disseminate
      Synonyms: 留傳留传, 散佈散布 (sànbù)
        ―  liúyán  ―  rumors; gossip
        ―  liúfāng  ―  to leave a good reputation
    6. (physics) Short for 流明 (liúmíng, “lumen”).
    7. (mathematics) flow

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. current; flow; stream

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ryu>yu) (hangeul >)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: lưu
    : Nôm readings: lưu

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]