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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(metal) + semantic  ‎(knife)

Original meaning was "to kill."

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +13, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹金中弓 (HCLN), four-corner 72100)

  1. a surname
  2. kill, destroy
  3. overcome, conquer

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 144, character 39
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2224
  • Dae Jaweon: page 325, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 359, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5289

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (劉), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 力求切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɨu/ /li̯ə̯u/ /liu/ /liu/ /luw/ /lĭəu/ /liəu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
liú ‹ ljuw › /*mə-ru/ kill; surname

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8881 1 /*m·ru/

Proper noun[edit]

‎(traditional, Pinyin Liú)

  1. A surname​.

Descendants[edit]

  • (Hokkien dialect) Tagalog: lao

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. axe
  2. kill

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ryu, yu) (hangeul , , revised ryu, yu, McCune-Reischauer ryu, yu, Yale lyu, yu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Lưu)

  1. A Vietnamese family name