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See also:
U+5289, 劉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5289

[U+5288]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+528A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 18, +13, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹金中弓 (HCLN), four-corner 72100, composition𨥫)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 144, character 39
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2224
  • Dae Jaweon: page 325, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 359, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5289

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *m·ru): phonetic  (OC *mruːʔ) + semantic  (metal) + semantic  (knife).

Often written as (OC *mruːʔ) in the oracle bone script.

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “is the surname related to the sense "to kill"?”)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lâu - vernacular (incl. surname);
  • liû - literary.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɨu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /liu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /liəu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /luw/
    Li
    Rong
    /liu/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭəu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯ə̯u/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    liú
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    liú
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ljuw ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mə-ru/
    English kill; surname

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 8881
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m·ru/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. a type of battle axe
    2. to kill; to slaughter
    3. A surname​.
      /   ―  Liú Bāng  ―  Liu Bang

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • English: Liu, Lau
    • Tagalog: Lao

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. axe
    2. kill

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ryu>yu) (hangeul >)

    1. Mostly used in surname

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: Lưu

    1. A Vietnamese family name