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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
重-bw.png

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
重-oracle.svg 重-bronze.svg 重-silk.svg 重-bigseal.svg 重-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(man) +  ‎(bag): a man carrying a bag, with 東 also phonetic.

Han character[edit]

(radical 166 +2, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹十田土 (HJWG), four-corner 20104, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1291, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40132
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1791, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3680, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+91CD

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (11)
Final: (7)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhòng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖɨoŋX/ /ɖioŋX/ /ȡioŋX/ /ɖuawŋX/ /ȡioŋX/ /ȡĭwoŋX/ /ȡʱi̯woŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhòng ‹ drjowngX › /*N-t<r>oŋʔ/ heavy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17462 0 /*doŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. heavy
    Antonyms: (qīng)
  2. grave, serious
  3. considerable (in amount)

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (11)
Final: (7)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhòng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖɨoŋH/ /ɖioŋH/ /ȡioŋH/ /ɖuawŋH/ /ȡioŋH/ /ȡĭwoŋH/ /ȡʱi̯woŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhòng ‹ drjowngH › /*N-t<r>oŋʔ-s/ weight (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17463 0 /*doŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. weight
  2. weighty, important
  3. grave, serious
  4. prudent
  5. to respect, to attach importance to

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (11)
Final: (7)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: chóng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖɨoŋ/ /ɖioŋ/ /ȡioŋ/ /ɖuawŋ/ /ȡioŋ/ /ȡĭwoŋ/ /ȡʱi̯woŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chóng ‹ drjowng › /*[m]-troŋ/ repeat; double

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17457 0 /*doŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to repeat
  2. again
  3. Classifier for layers of an object.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

pe → ɸe → he.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji he)

  1. a division
  2. something that divides two objects
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

-pe → -ɸe → -we → -e. Cognate with ‎(he, division). The divergent phonological development is due to the non-null environment caused by being suffixed to the previous morpheme.

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -e, historical hiragana )

  1. the number of overlaps; fold, layer
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana おも, romaji omo)

  1. main, principal, important

Alternative forms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana じゅう, romaji jū-)

  1. heavy, weighty
  2. involving large-scale manufacture, heavy
  3. great in degree, heavy, serious, severe

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jung)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: chung, Yale: cwung)
  • Name (hangeul): 무거울 (Yale: mukewulcwung)
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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trọng, chồng, chuộng, trộng, trụng, trùng, chõng, trửng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.