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U+56E0, 因
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-56E0

[U+56DF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+56E1]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
因-bw.png
Stroke order
因-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 田大 (WK), four-corner 60430, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 217, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4693
  • Dae Jaweon: page 444, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 711, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+56E0

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
因-oracle.svg 因-bronze.svg 因-bigseal.svg 因-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qrils
*qiːn, *qin
*qiːn
*qiːn, *qiːns, *qiːd
*qɯːn
*qɯːn
*qin
*qin
*qin
*qin
*qin
*qin
*qin, *qrin
*qin
*qin

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (sheet) + (person) – man on a mattress. Original form of (OC *qin, “mat”) or (OC *qin, “mattress; cushion”).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /in⁵⁵/
Harbin /in⁴⁴/
Tianjin /in²¹/
Jinan /iẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /iə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /in²⁴/
Xi'an /iẽ²¹/
Xining /iə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /iŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /iŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /in⁵⁵/
Chengdu /in⁵⁵/
Guiyang /in⁵⁵/
Kunming /ĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /in³¹/
Hefei /in²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /iəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /iŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /iŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /in⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔin³³/
Wenzhou /j̠aŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /iʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /in¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /in³³/
Xiangtan /in³³/
Gan Nanchang /in⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /in⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /in²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐn⁵³/
Nanning /jɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jɐn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /in⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /eiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /in²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔin/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔin/
Li
Rong
/ʔiĕn/
Wang
Li
/ĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yīn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjin ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔi[n]/
English rely on

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15176
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qin/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. reason; cause
  2. because; since
  3. due to
  4. to follow (e.g. a tradition)

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(in) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer in)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhân, nhằn, dăn, nhăn, nhơn)

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