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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-56E0
Code point U+56E0
Entity number 因
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+56DF] [U+56E1]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
因-bw.png
Stroke order
因-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(mouth, or opening) +  ‎(large, or hands at full breadth) – The largest in/from/of an opening is the first, by tradition/convention.: basis, cause.(Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
因-oracle.svg 因-bronze.svg 因-bigseal.svg 因-seal.svg

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 田大 (WK), four-corner 60430, composition)

  1. cause, reason
  2. by
  3. because, because of

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 217, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4693
  • Dae Jaweon: page 444, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 711, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+56E0

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /in⁵⁵/
Harbin /in⁴⁴/
Tianjin /in²¹/
Jinan /iẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /iə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /in²⁴/
Xi'an /iẽ²¹/
Xining /iə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /iŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /iŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /in⁵⁵/
Chengdu /in⁵⁵/
Guiyang /in⁵⁵/
Kunming /ĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /in³¹/
Hefei /in²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /iəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /iŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /iŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /in⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔin³³/
Wenzhou /j̠aŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /iʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /in¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /in³³/
Xiangtan /in³³/
Gan Nanchang /in⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /in⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /in²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐn⁵³/
Nanning /jɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jɐn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /in⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /eiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /in²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiɪn/ /ʔi̯ĕn/ /ʔiĕn/ /ʔin/ /ʔin/ /ĭĕn/ /ʔjen/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yīn ‹ ʔjin › /*ʔi[n]/ rely on

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15176 1 /*qin/ 甲文象人臥於茵席,爲茵初文

Definitions[edit]

  1. because; since
  2. due to

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(in) (hangeul , revised in, McCune-Reischauer in)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhân, nhằn, dăn, nhăn, nhơn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.