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U+80CC, 背
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-80CC

[U+80CB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+80CD]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
背-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 中心月 (LPB), four-corner 11227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 977, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29363
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1429, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2058, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+80CC

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
背-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pɯːɡs, *bɯːɡs
*bɯːɡs
*bɯːɡs
*bɯːɡs
*bɯːɡs
*pɯːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pɯːɡs, *bɯːɡs): phonetic (OC *pɯːɡ) + semantic (meat). Semantic was added to be distinguished from the derived meaning of (“north”).

Etymology[edit]

Two pronunciations were distinguished in Middle Chinese: /puʌiH/ (“back”), /buʌiH/ (“to turn one's back to; to betray”).

Pronunciation 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Note:
  • bui3 - “back; to betray; to violate”;
  • bui6 - “to recite; unlucky; out of touch”.
Note:
  • 2pe - noun (“back”);
  • 3be - verb (“to betray; to recite”).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (3) (1)
Final () (42) (42)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buʌiH/ /puʌiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/buoiH/ /puoiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/buɒiH/ /puɒiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bwəjH/ /pwəjH/
Li
Rong
/buᴀiH/ /puᴀiH/
Wang
Li
/buɒiH/ /puɒiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuɑ̆iH/ /puɑ̆iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bèi bèi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bèi bèi
Middle
Chinese
‹ bwojH › ‹ pwojH ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-pˤək-s/ /*pˤək-s/
English turn the back on the back

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 408 409
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pɯːɡs/ /*bɯːɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (anatomy) back
  2. back; backside; reverse side
  3. back of the hand
  4. to turn one's back to
  5. to abandon; to give up
  6. to betray; to be disloyal
  7. to deviate; to go contrary to; to violate
  8. unlucky; out of luck
  9. to recite

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

trad. /
simp.

Definitions[edit]

  1. to carry on the back
  2. (figuratively) to carry; to bear (blame); to shoulder (responsibility)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji se)

  1. one's back (part of the human body)
  2. one's height
  3. the rear of something, the area behind

Synonyms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bae, pae) (hangeul , , revised bae, pae, McCune-Reischauer pae, p'ae, Yale pay, phay)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bối, bội, bổi, bồi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.