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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
背-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

From ("back") , a sematic ("meat") was added to be distinguished from the the original character borrowed for other meanings.

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 中心月 (LPB), four-corner 11227, composition)

  1. back (of an object), back side
  2. behind
  3. back onto, with the back towards
  4. betray

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 977, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29363
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1429, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2058, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+80CC

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (3)
Final: (42)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: bèi
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/buʌiH/ /buoiH/ /buɒiH/ /bwəjH/ /buᴀiH/ /buɒiH/ /bʱuɑ̆iH/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (1)
Final: (42)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: bèi
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/puʌiH/ /puoiH/ /puɒiH/ /pwəjH/ /puᴀiH/ /puɒiH/ /puɑ̆iH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
bèi ‹ bwojH › /*m-pˤək-s/ turn the back on
bèi ‹ pwojH › /*pˤək-s/ the back

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
408 0 /*pɯːɡs/
409 0 /*bɯːɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji se)

  1. one's back (part of the human body)
  2. one's height
  3. the rear of something, the area behind

Synonyms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bae, pae) (hangeul , , revised bae, pae, McCune-Reischauer pae, p'ae, Yale pay, phay)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bối, bội, bổi, bồi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.