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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
行-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
行-oracle.svg 行-bronze.svg 行-bigseal.svg 行-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a street intersection.

Originally symmetric, it has been simplified asymmetrically; the left half is widely used as a radical, while the right half finds occasional use, and the character can be broken up as ‎(small step) + , though originally it was not a compound.

Han character[edit]

(radical 144 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹人一一弓 (HOMMN), four-corner 21221, composition)

  1. to go
  2. to walk
  3. to move, to travel
  4. circulate
  5. an ancient form of narrative poem which is usually longer than the usual four or eight lines
  6. OK; all right
  7. row

Usage notes[edit]

行 itself is also used as a radical (in addition to ); unusually for radicals, the phonetic is placed in the middle – with 彳 on the left and 亍 on the right – corresponding to the phonetic originally being placed at the middle of the intersection.

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1108, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34029
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1570, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 811, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+884C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xɑŋ³⁵/
Harbin /xaŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /xɑŋ⁴⁵/ ~到
/ɕiŋ⁴⁵/ ~為
Jinan /xaŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /xaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xaŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /xaŋ²⁴/
Xining /xɔ̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /xɑŋ⁵³/ 銀~
/ɕiŋ⁵³/ ~走
Lanzhou /xɑ̃⁵³/
Ürümqi /xɑŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /xaŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /xaŋ³¹/
Guiyang /xaŋ²¹/
Kunming /xã̠¹/ ~列
/ɕĩ¹/ ~為
Nanjing /xaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /xɑ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /xɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦɑ̃¹³/
Suzhou /ɦɑ̃¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦɑŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦuɔ³¹/
Hui Shexian /xa⁴⁴/
Tunxi /xau⁴⁴/ 銀~
/xe⁴⁴/ ~動
Xiang Changsha /xan¹³/
Xiangtan /ɦɔn¹²/
Gan Nanchang /hɔŋ²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /haŋ¹¹/ ~路
/hoŋ¹¹/ 銀~
Taoyuan /hoŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔŋ²¹/ 銀~
/hɐŋ²¹/ 平~
Nanning /hɔŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /hɔŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /haŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /houŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /haŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /haŋ³¹/
/o³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 2/4

Initial: (33)
Final: (109)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: héng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦɣæŋ/ /ɦɯaŋ/ /ɣaŋ/ /ɦaɨjŋ/ /ɣɐŋ/ /ɣɐŋ/ /ɣɐŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xíng ‹ hæng › /*Cə.[ɡ]ˤraŋ/ walk (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13867 0 /*ɡraːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary or dialectal) to walk
  2. to go, to move
  3. to carry out, to execute
  4. to perform (a salute)
  5. OK, good
    這麼 / 这么  ―  Xíng, jiù zhème dìng le.  ―  OK, it's a deal.
  6. be good, work
    覺得方法 / 觉得方法  ―  Wǒ jiàodé zhè fāngfǎ xíng.  ―  I think this will work.
  7. be good (opposed to bad) ; Usually in negative sentences, or with
    成績 / 成绩  ―  Wǒ chéngjī bù xíng.  ―  I have bad grades.
  8. be able to do something (usually mentioned before)
    分鐘公里 [MSC, trad.]
    分钟公里 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā néng sì fēnzhōng pǎo yī gōnglǐ, wǒ bù xíng. [Pinyin]
    He can run a kilometer within 4 minutes. I can't (do that).

Usage notes[edit]

Notice that when meaning "be able to do something", can only be used solely. This is different from (néng, “to be able to (do something)”).

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xɑŋ³⁵/
Harbin /xaŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /xɑŋ⁴⁵/ ~到
/ɕiŋ⁴⁵/ ~為
Jinan /xaŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /xaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xaŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /xaŋ²⁴/
Xining /xɔ̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /xɑŋ⁵³/ 銀~
/ɕiŋ⁵³/ ~走
Lanzhou /xɑ̃⁵³/
Ürümqi /xɑŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /xaŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /xaŋ³¹/
Guiyang /xaŋ²¹/
Kunming /xã̠¹/ ~列
/ɕĩ¹/ ~為
Nanjing /xaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /xɑ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /xɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦɑ̃¹³/
Suzhou /ɦɑ̃¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦɑŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦuɔ³¹/
Hui Shexian /xa⁴⁴/
Tunxi /xau⁴⁴/ 銀~
/xe⁴⁴/ ~動
Xiang Changsha /xan¹³/
Xiangtan /ɦɔn¹²/
Gan Nanchang /hɔŋ²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /haŋ¹¹/ ~路
/hoŋ¹¹/ 銀~
Taoyuan /hoŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔŋ²¹/ 銀~
/hɐŋ²¹/ 平~
Nanning /hɔŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /hɔŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /haŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /houŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /haŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /haŋ³¹/
/o³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/4

Initial: (33)
Final: (101)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: háng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦɑŋ/ /ɦɑŋ/ /ɣɑŋ/ /ɦaŋ/ /ɣɑŋ/ /ɣɑŋ/ /ɣɑŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
háng ‹ hang › /*[ɡ]ˤaŋ/ rank, row

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13864 0 /*ɡaːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. profession; industry; trade; business
  2. a place for specific transaction
    /   ―  yínháng  ―  bank (lit. silver store)
    珠寶 / 珠宝  ―  zhūbǎoháng  ―  jewelry store
  3. a line of objects
  4. (of a table, list etc.) row

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 4/4

Initial: (33)
Final: (109)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: hèng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦɣæŋH/ /ɦɯaŋH/ /ɣaŋH/ /ɦaɨjŋH/ /ɣɐŋH/ /ɣɐŋH/ /ɣɐŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xíng ‹ hængH › /*[ɡ]ˤraŋ-s/ action

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13876 0 /*ɡraːŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. behaviour; conduct

Pronunciation 4[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 4/4

Initial: (33)
Final: (109)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: hèng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦɣæŋH/ /ɦɯaŋH/ /ɣaŋH/ /ɦaɨjŋH/ /ɣɐŋH/ /ɣɐŋH/ /ɣɐŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xíng ‹ hængH › /*[ɡ]ˤraŋ-s/ action

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13876 0 /*ɡraːŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. skill from monk training
      ―  dàoxíng  ―  monk training

Pronunciation 5[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 2/4

Initial: (33)
Final: (109)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: héng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦɣæŋ/ /ɦɯaŋ/ /ɣaŋ/ /ɦaɨjŋ/ /ɣɐŋ/ /ɣɐŋ/ /ɣɐŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13866 0 /*ɡaːŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

  • háng
  • xíng

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ぎょう, romaji gyō, historical hiragana ぎやう)

  1. a line of text
  2. (mathematics) a row of a matrix

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Verb[edit]

  1. to go (行く)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(haeng)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: haeng, McCune-Reischauer: haeng, Yale: hayng)
  • Name (hangeul): 다닐()
  1. movement

‎(hang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: hang, McCune-Reischauer: hang, Yale: hang)
  • Name (hangeul): 항렬()
  1. degree of familial relation

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hàng, hạnh, hành, ngành, hãng, hăng, tùng)

  1. company, firm
  2. (archaic) to go, to travel (on a long journey).

Compounds[edit]