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U+884C, 行
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-884C

[U+884B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+884D]
See also: 彳亍

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
行-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 144 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹人一一弓 (HOMMN), four-corner 21221, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #144, (walk enclosure).

Usage notes[edit]

行 itself is also used as a radical (in addition to ); unusually for radicals, the phonetic is placed in the middle – with 彳 on the left and 亍 on the right – corresponding to the phonetic originally being placed at the middle of the intersection.

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1108, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34029
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1570, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 811, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+884C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
行-oracle.svg 行-bronze.svg 行-bigseal.svg 行-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡaːŋ, *ɡraːŋ
*ɡaːŋ, *ɡraːŋ
*ɡaːŋ, *ɡaːŋs, *ɡraːŋ, *ɡraːŋs
*ɡaːŋ, *ɡraːŋ, *ɡraːŋs
*ɡraːŋ
*ɡraːŋ
*ɡraːŋ
*ɡraːŋ
*ɡraːŋʔ
*ɡraːŋs

Pictogram (象形) – a street intersection.

Originally symmetric, it has been simplified asymmetrically; the left half is widely used as a radical, while the right half finds occasional use, and the character can be broken up as (small step) + , though originally it was not a compound.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • haang4 - vernacular;
  • hang4 - literary.
Note:
  • giàng - vernacular;
  • hèng - literary.
Note:
  • kiâⁿ - vernacular;
  • hêng - literary.
Note:
  • 3hhan - vernacular;
  • 3hhin - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xɑŋ³⁵/
Harbin /xaŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /xɑŋ⁴⁵/ ~到
/ɕiŋ⁴⁵/ ~為
Jinan /xaŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /xaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xaŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /xaŋ²⁴/
Xining /xɔ̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /xɑŋ⁵³/ 銀~
/ɕiŋ⁵³/ ~走
Lanzhou /xɑ̃⁵³/
Ürümqi /xɑŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /xaŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /xaŋ³¹/
Guiyang /xaŋ²¹/
Kunming /xã̠¹/ ~列
/ɕĩ¹/ ~為
Nanjing /xaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /xɑ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /xɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦɑ̃²³/
Suzhou /ɦɑ̃¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦɑŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦuɔ³¹/
Hui Shexian /xa⁴⁴/
Tunxi /xau⁴⁴/ 銀~
/xe⁴⁴/ ~動
Xiang Changsha /xan¹³/
Xiangtan /ɦɔn¹²/
Gan Nanchang /hɔŋ²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /haŋ¹¹/ ~路
/hoŋ¹¹/ 銀~
Taoyuan /hoŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔŋ²¹/ 銀~
/hɐŋ²¹/ 平~
Nanning /hɔŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /hɔŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /haŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /houŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /haŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /haŋ³¹/
/o³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/4
Initial () (33)
Final () (109)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨjŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɣɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɣɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
héng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xíng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.[ɡ]ˤraŋ/
English walk (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/4
No. 13867
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡraːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary or dialectal) to walk
  2. to go; to move
  3. to carry out; to execute
  4. to perform (a salute)
  5. OK; good
    這麼 / 这么  ―  Xíng, jiù zhème dìng le.  ―  OK, it's a deal.
  6. to be good; to work
    覺得方法 / 觉得方法  ―  Wǒ juéde zhè fāngfǎ xíng.  ―  I think this will work.
  7. to be good (opposed to bad) (usually in negative sentences, or with )
    成績 / 成绩  ―  Wǒ chéngjī bù xíng.  ―  I have bad grades.
  8. to be able to do something (usually mentioned before)
Usage notes[edit]

Notice that when meaning “be able to do something”, can only be used without a complement. This is different from (néng, “to be able to (do something)”).

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Note:
  • òng - vernacular;
  • hòng - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xɑŋ³⁵/
Harbin /xaŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /xɑŋ⁴⁵/ ~到
/ɕiŋ⁴⁵/ ~為
Jinan /xaŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /xaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xaŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /xaŋ²⁴/
Xining /xɔ̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /xɑŋ⁵³/ 銀~
/ɕiŋ⁵³/ ~走
Lanzhou /xɑ̃⁵³/
Ürümqi /xɑŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /xaŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /xaŋ³¹/
Guiyang /xaŋ²¹/
Kunming /xã̠¹/ ~列
/ɕĩ¹/ ~為
Nanjing /xaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /xɑ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /xɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦɑ̃²³/
Suzhou /ɦɑ̃¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦɑŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦuɔ³¹/
Hui Shexian /xa⁴⁴/
Tunxi /xau⁴⁴/ 銀~
/xe⁴⁴/ ~動
Xiang Changsha /xan¹³/
Xiangtan /ɦɔn¹²/
Gan Nanchang /hɔŋ²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /haŋ¹¹/ ~路
/hoŋ¹¹/ 銀~
Taoyuan /hoŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔŋ²¹/ 銀~
/hɐŋ²¹/ 平~
Nanning /hɔŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /hɔŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /haŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /houŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /haŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /haŋ³¹/
/o³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4
Initial () (33)
Final () (101)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɑŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦɑŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɣɑŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɣɑŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɑŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
háng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
háng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hang ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤaŋ/
English rank, row

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4
No. 13864
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. profession; industry; trade; business
  2. place for specific transaction
    /   ―  yínháng  ―  bank [lit. money store]
    珠寶 / 珠宝  ―  zhūbǎoháng  ―  jewellery store
  3. line of objects; row

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 4/4
Initial () (33)
Final () (109)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠæŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚaŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣaŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨjŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɣɐŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɣɐŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɐŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hèng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xíng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hængH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤraŋ-s/
English action

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 4/4
No. 13876
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡraːŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. behaviour; conduct

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 4[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 4/4
Initial () (33)
Final () (109)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠæŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚaŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣaŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨjŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɣɐŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɣɐŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɐŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hèng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xíng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hængH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤraŋ-s/
English action

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 4/4
No. 13876
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡraːŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. skill from monk training
      ―  dàohéng  ―  monk training

Pronunciation 5[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/4
Initial () (33)
Final () (109)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨjŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɣɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɣɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
héng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/4
No. 13866
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaːŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 行行 (“bold; staunch; strong”).
  2. Only used in 樹行子树行子 (“row of trees”).

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ぎょう, romaji gyō, historical hiragana ぎやう)

  1. a line of text
  2. (mathematics) a row of a matrix

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(haeng)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: haeng, McCune-Reischauer: haeng, Yale: hayng)
  • Name (hangeul): 다닐()
  1. movement

‎(hang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: hang, McCune-Reischauer: hang, Yale: hang)
  • Name (hangeul): 항렬()
  1. degree of familial relation

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hàng, hạnh, hành, ngành, hãng, hăng, tùng)

  1. company, firm
  2. (archaic) to go, to travel (on a long journey).

Compounds[edit]