困難

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See also: 困难

Chinese[edit]

distress; sleepy; doze off
 
disaster; distress; to scold
disaster; distress; to scold; difficult (to...); problem; difficulty; difficult; not good
trad. (困難)
simp. (困难)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Initial () (29) (8)
Final () (55) (61)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰuənH/ /nɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰuonH/ /nɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuənH/ /nɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰwənH/ /nan/
Li
Rong
/kʰuənH/ /nɑn/
Wang
Li
/kʰuənH/ /nɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰuənH/ /nɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kùn nán
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
fan3 naan4

Adjective[edit]

困難

  1. hard; difficult; challenging
  2. poor; impoverished; disadvantaged
    困難兒童 / 困难儿童  ―  kùnnan értóng  ―  disadvantaged children

Synonyms[edit]

  • (hard):
edit
  • (poor):
edit

Antonyms[edit]

  • (difficult): 容易 (róngyì)

Noun[edit]

困難

  1. difficulty; challenge; dire straits; hardships
    克服困難 / 克服困难  ―  kèfú kùnnan  ―  to overcome difficulties
    呼吸困難 / 呼吸困难  ―  hūxī kùnnán  ―  (to have) breathing difficulty
    就業困難 / 就业困难  ―  jiùyè kùnnán  ―  difficulties finding a job
    只要信心困難戰勝 [MSC, trad.]
    只要信心困难战胜 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhǐyào yǒu xìnxīn, kùnnan bì zhànshèng. [Pinyin]
    Difficulties can be overcome so long as you have confidence.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (困難):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
こん
Grade: 6
なん
Grade: 6
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
困難 (kyūjitai)

Adjectival noun[edit]

(こん)(なん) (konnan-na (adnominal (こん)(なん) (konnan na), adverbial (こん)(なん) (konnan ni))

  1. difficult, trying, hard

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

(こん)(なん) (konnan

  1. difficulties, hardship, trouble

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

困難 (gollan) (hangeul 곤란)

  1. Hanja form? of 곤란 (trouble; difficulty).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Adjective[edit]

困難

  1. Hán tự form of khốn nạn (difficult).

Interjection[edit]

困難

  1. Hán tự form of khốn nạn ((offensive) Damn! Shit!).