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U+6563, 散
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6563

[U+6562]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6564]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 66, +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 廿月人大 (TBOK), four-corner 48240, composition ⿰⿱)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 472, character 34
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13265
  • Dae Jaweon: page 825, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1465, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+6563

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou
Bronze inscriptions
散-bronze.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*saːnʔ, *saːns
*saːnʔ
*saːnʔ, *saːns
*saːnʔ
*saːnʔ
*sraːn, *sraːnʔ
*sqʰeːns
*saːd

Oracle bone script: Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (bamboo) +  (to knock, to tap) – to smash bamboos.

Shuowen: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *saːnʔ, *saːns): semantic  + phonetic 𢽳.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • sóaⁿ - vernacular;
  • sán - literary.
Note: suan2 - “medicine in powdered form”.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (16)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɑnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɑnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑnX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sanX/
Li
Rong
/sɑnX/
Wang
Li
/sɑnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sɑnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sǎn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
sǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ sanX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ˁa[n]ʔ/
English scattered (adj.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 10967
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*saːnʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. free and unfettered
  2. natural and restrained; at ease
  3. loose; free
  4. to become loose; to break apart; to fall apart
  5. scattered; fragmentary; odd; apart
  6. mixed and disorderly; miscellaneous
  7. (literature) free from parallelism
  8. careless; incautious; inattentive
  9. ordinary; useless
  10. (traditional Chinese medicine) medicine in powder form

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Note:
  • sòaⁿ - vernacular;
  • sàn - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /sɑnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /sɑnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sɑnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sanH/
    Li
    Rong
    /sɑnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /sɑnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /sɑnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    sàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    sàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sanH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mə-sˁa[n]ʔ-s/
    English scatter (v.t.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 10972
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*saːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to break up; to disperse; to scatter
    2. to distribute; to disseminate
    3. to open; to open wide
    4. to dissipate; to distract; to find diversion
    5. to run away; to escape; to flee
    6. to express; to declare; to explain
    7. to end; to finish; to be over
    8. to lose; to miss
    9. herd; graze
    10. chaotic; helter-skelter

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1.scatter

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (san) (hangeul , revised san, McCune–Reischauer san, Yale san)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tản, tảng, tan, tởn, tán)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.