散る

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 4

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

散る ‎(intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana ちる, romaji chiru)

  1. to become separated and scatter, such as leaves or blossoms
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 5, poem #798)
      {{Jpan|伊毛何美斯 阿布知乃波那波 知利奴倍斯 和何那久那美多 伊摩陀飛那久尓
      いもがみし あふちのはなは ちりぬべし わがなくなみた いまだひなくに
      imo ga mi shi afuchi no hana wa chirinu beshi wa ga naku namita ima da hi naku ni
Conjugation[edit]
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Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Japanese. Currently obsolete.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

散る ‎(intransitive, hiragana ある, romaji aru)

  1. (obsolete) to become scattered
  2. (obsolete) to become distant emotionally

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Japanese. Currently obsolete.

Plural counterpart to 分かる ‎(wakaru, one thing separates from another). Intransitive counterpart to 散つ ‎(akatsu, to separate or scatter multiple things), itself the plural counterpart to 分かつ ‎(wakatsu, to separate one thing from another). Compare underlying root verbs aku (明く, 開く, 空く: "to open, to spread, to empty") and waku (分く, 別く: "to split, to divide").

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

散る ‎(intransitive, hiragana あかる, romaji akaru)

  1. (obsolete) to scatter, to become dispersed