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U+5875, 塵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5875

[U+5874]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5876]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 戈心土 (IPG), four-corner 00214, composition鹿)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 236, character 38
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5388
  • Dae Jaweon: page 475, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 482, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5875

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms 𪋻
𡔚

Glyph origin[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意): 鹿(deer) + (soil, dust) – cloud of dust produced by a (group of) running deer. Ancient simplification of 𪋻, which pictures three deer on top instead of one.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-dul ~ r-tul(dust). Cognate with Tibetan རྡུལ(rdul, dust, particle).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • thûn - vernacular;
  • tîn - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (11)
Final () (44)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖᵚin/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡien/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖjin/
Li
Rong
/ȡjĕn/
Wang
Li
/ȡǐĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chén
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chén
Middle
Chinese
‹ drin ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]rə[n]/
English dust (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1397
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rdɯn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. dust; dirt; ashes; cinders
    /   ―  chén  ―  vacuum cleaner
  2. to be streaked with dirt; to become stained
  3. trace; footprint
  4. (figuratively) dirty thing
  5. (figuratively) war; warfare
  6. (Buddhism) this world; mundane world; this mortal life
  7. (Buddhism) the number 10–9
  8. for a long time
  9. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Kanji in this term
ごみ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi
Kanji in this term
じん
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi
Kanji in this term
ちり
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ごみ, katakana ゴミ, romaji gomi)

  1. trash, rubbish

‎(hiragana じん, romaji jin)

  1. (Buddhism) impurity
  2. one billionth

‎(hiragana ちり, romaji chiri)

  1. dust

Usage notes[edit]

(for the trash meaning) This term is usually written in kana.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jin) (hangeul , revised jin, McCune-Reischauer chin)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trần, chần)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.