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U+5875, 塵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5875

[U+5874]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5876]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 戈心土 (IPG), four-corner 00214, composition鹿)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 236, character 38
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5388
  • Dae Jaweon: page 475, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 482, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5875

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms 𪋻
𡔚

Glyph origin[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意): 鹿 (deer) +  (soil, dust) – cloud of dust produced by a (group of) running deer. Ancient simplification of 𪋻, which pictures three deer on top instead of one.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-dul ~ r-tul (dust). Cognate with Tibetan རྡུལ (rdul, dust, particle).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • thûn - vernacular;
  • tîn - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (11)
Final () (44)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖᵚin/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡien/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖjin/
Li
Rong
/ȡjĕn/
Wang
Li
/ȡǐĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chén
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chén
Middle
Chinese
‹ drin ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]rə[n]/
English dust (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1397
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rdɯn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. dust; dirt; ashes; cinders
    /   ―  chén  ―  vacuum cleaner
  2. to be streaked with dirt; to become stained
  3. trace; footprint
  4. (figuratively) dirty thing
  5. (figuratively) war; warfare
  6. (Buddhism) this world; mundane world; this mortal life
  7. (Buddhism) the number 10–9
  8. for a long time
  9. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Kanji in this term
ごみ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi
Kanji in this term
じん
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi
Kanji in this term
ちり
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ごみ, katakana ゴミ, rōmaji gomi)

  1. trash, rubbish
     ()ろ! (ひと)ゴミのようだ!
    Miro! Hito ga gomi no yō da!
    Look! The people are like trash!

(hiragana じん, rōmaji jin)

  1. (Buddhism) impurity
  2. one billionth

(hiragana ちり, rōmaji chiri)

  1. dust
     (ちり) (ちり)に、 (はいは) ()
    chiri wa chiri ni, hai wa hai ni
    dust to dust, ashes to ashes

Usage notes[edit]

(for the trash meaning) This term is usually written in kana.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jin) (hangeul , revised jin, McCune-Reischauer chin)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trần, chần)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.