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See also:
U+5875, 塵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5875

[U+5874]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5876]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32, +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 戈心土 (IPG), four-corner 00214, composition鹿)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 236, character 38
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5388
  • Dae Jaweon: page 475, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 482, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5875

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms 𪋻
𡔚

Glyph origin[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意): 鹿 (deer) +  (soil, dust) – cloud of dust produced by a (group of) running deer. Ancient simplification of 𪋻, which pictures three deer on top instead of one.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-dul ~ r-tul (dust). Cognate with Tibetan རྡུལ (rdul, dust, particle).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • thûn - vernacular;
  • tîn - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (11)
    Final () (44)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɖˠiɪn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖᵚin/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȡien/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖjin/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȡjĕn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȡǐĕn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȡʱi̯ĕn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chén
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chén
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ drin ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[d]rə[n]/
    English dust (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1397
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*rdɯn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. dust; dirt; ashes; cinders
      /   ―  chén  ―  vacuum cleaner
    2. to be streaked with dirt; to become stained
    3. trace; footprint
    4. (figuratively) dirty thing
    5. (figuratively) war; warfare
    6. (Buddhism) this world; mundane world; this mortal life
    7. (Buddhism) the number 10–9
    8. for a long time
    9. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ごみ
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ごみ, katakana ゴミ, rōmaji gomi)

    1. trash, rubbish, garbage
       ()ろ! (ひと)ゴミのようだ!
      Miro! Hito ga gomi no yō da!
      Look! The people look just like garbage!

    Usage notes[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    じん
    Hyōgaiji
    on’yomi

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana じん, rōmaji jin)

    1. (Buddhism) impurity
    2. one billionth

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ちり
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ちり, rōmaji chiri)

    1. dust
       (ちり) (ちり)に、 (はい) (はい)
      chiri wa chiri ni, hai wa hai ni
      dust to dust, ashes to ashes

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jin) (hangeul , revised jin, McCune–Reischauer chin)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (trần, chần)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.