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U+82A5, 芥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-82A5

[U+82A4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+82A6]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140, +4, 8 strokes in traditional Chinese and Korean, 7 strokes in mainland China and Japanese, cangjie input 廿人中中 (TOLL) or X廿人中中 (XTOLL), four-corner 44228, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1019, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30715
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1477, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3182, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+82A5

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Qin slip script Small seal script
芥-slip.svg 芥-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡaːds, *ɡeːds
*kreːds
*kreːds
*kreːds
*kreːds
*kreːds
*kreːds
*kreːds, *kreːd, *ɡraːd
*kreːds
*kreːds
*kreːds, *ɡreːds
*ɡreːds
*ɡaːd, *kreːd
*kreːd
*kreːd
*kreːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kreːds): semantic  (grass, plant) + phonetic  (OC *kreːds) – a type of plant.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kài - literary;
  • kòa/kè - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (33)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠɛiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚæiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɐiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəɨjH/
Li
Rong
/kɛiH/
Wang
Li
/kɐiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kăiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiè
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiè
Middle
Chinese
‹ kɛjH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˁr[e][t]-s/
English mustard plant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6522
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kreːds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Brassica juncea
  2. small grass
  3. (figuratively) tiny thing

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. mustard
  2. rubbish, trash, dust

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gae) (hangeul , revised gae, McCune–Reischauer kae, Yale kay)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giới)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.