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U+821F, 舟
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-821F

[U+821E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8220]
U+2F88, ⾈
KANGXI RADICAL BOAT

[U+2F87]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F89]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
舟-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 137, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹月卜戈 (HBYI), four-corner 27440, composition丿⿻⿵)

  1. Kangxi radical #137, .

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1008, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30350
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1466, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3055, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+821F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𣍝
𠔾 second round simplified

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
舟-oracle.svg 舟-bronze.svg 舟-seal.svg 舟-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a boat.

Etymology[edit]

According to Schuessler (2007), a loan from Proto-Mon-Khmer *ɗuuk ~ *ɗuk (boat, canoe), whence Khmer ទូក (tuuk) and Vietnamese nốc (< Proto-Vietic *ɗoːk (boat)). Foreign closed syllables having a long main vowel often correspond to open syllables in Old Chinese.

Possibly cognate of (OC *tɯw, “trunk, pole”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Yang Xiong's Fangyan says that Old Chinese (OC *tjɯw) is common in central and eastern China, while its synonym (OC *ɦljon) is used in western China.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cuw/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiu/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhōu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhōu
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*tu/
English boat

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17504
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjɯw/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (historical vehicles) dugout canoe
  2. (vehicles) similarly-shaped boats; a small barge.
  3. (vehicles, inexact) any boat or ship.
  4. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. boat, ship, small ship

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
ふね
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ふね) (fune

  1. boat, ship, small ship
Synonyms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふな
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ふな) (funa

  1. boat, ship, small ship
See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ju) (hangeul , revised ju, McCune–Reischauer chu, Yale cwu)

  1. boat, ship
  2. KangXi radical 137

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chu, châu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.