Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
周-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月土口 (BGR), four-corner 77220, composition𠮷)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 181, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3441
  • Dae Jaweon: page 400, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 606, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5468

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂou⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂou⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂou²¹/
/t͡sou²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂou²¹³/
Qingdao /tʃou²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂou²⁴/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂou²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂɯ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂəu⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂou³¹/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂɤu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡səu⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡səu⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡səu⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂəu⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂəɯ³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂɯ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡səu¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂəu¹³/
Hohhot /t͡səu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sɤ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sɤ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sei³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕɤu³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiu³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂəu³³/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂəɯ³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɨu⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡su⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tʃu²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɐu⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sɐu⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sɐu⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡siu⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sieu⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡siu⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡siu³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡siu²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (23)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕɨu/ /t͡ɕi̯ə̯u/ /t͡ɕiu/ /t͡ɕiu/ /cuw/ /t͡ɕĭəu/ /t͡ɕiəu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhōu ‹ tsyuw › /*tiw/ Zhōu (dynasty and place)
zhōu ‹ tsyuw › /*tiw/ cycle; all around

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17531 2 /*tjɯw/ 甲金文象田間稼密,爲稠初文

Definitions[edit]

  1. the Zhou Dynasty
  2. circumference
  3. A surname​.
  4. Alternative spelling of : week

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. circumference
  2. circuit
  3. lap

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Counter[edit]

‎(hiragana しゅう, romaji -shū)

  1. laps or circuits

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana まこと, romaji Makoto)

  1. A male given name
  2. the Zhou Dynasty

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ju) (hangeul , revised ju, McCune-Reischauer chu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chu, châu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.