Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: and
U+5468, 周
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5468

[U+5467]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5469]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月土口 (BGR), four-corner 77220, composition𠮷)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 181, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3441
  • Dae Jaweon: page 400, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 606, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5468

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified and variant traditional form of .)
Notes:

Usage notes[edit]

This variant form is the name of the second tetragram of the Taixuanjing, as listed in the ancient text.

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂou⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂou⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂou²¹/
/t͡sou²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂou²¹³/
Qingdao /tʃou²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂou²⁴/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂou²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂɯ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂəu⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂou³¹/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂɤu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡səu⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡səu⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡səu⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂəu⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂəɯ³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂɯ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡səu¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂəu¹³/
Hohhot /t͡səu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sɤ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sɤ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sei³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕɤu³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiu³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂəu³³/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂəɯ³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɨu⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡su⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tʃu²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɐu⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sɐu⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sɐu⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡siu⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sieu⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡siu⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡siu³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡siu²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cuw/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiu/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhōu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhōu zhōu
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyuw › ‹ tsyuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*tiw/ /*tiw/
English Zhōu (dynasty and place) cycle; all around

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17531
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjɯw/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. thorough; scrupulous; meticulous
  2. to help financially
  3. (historical) (~朝) Zhou Dynasty
  4. A surname​.
See also[edit]
Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
Name Time period Divisions
Xia
(~朝, ~代)
2070 – 1600 BCE
Shang
(~朝, ~代)
(~朝, ~代)
1600 – 1046 BCE
Zhou
(~朝, ~代)
1046 – 256 BCE Western Zhou
西周
Eastern Zhou
東周东周
Spring and Autumn period
春秋
Warring States period
戰國战国
Qin
(~朝, ~代)
221 – 206 BCE
Han
(~朝, ~代)
206 BCE – 220 CE Western Han
西漢西汉
Xin
(~朝)
Eastern Han
東漢东汉
Three Kingdoms
三國三国
220 – 280 CE Wei
Shu
Wu
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
265 – 420 CE Western Jin
西晉西晋
Eastern Jin
東晉东晋
Southern and Northern dynasties
南北朝
420 – 589 CE Northern dynasties
北朝
Northern Wei
北魏
Western Wei
西魏
Eastern Wei
東魏东魏
Northern Zhou
北周
Northern Qi
北齊北齐
Southern dynasties
南朝
Liu Song
劉宋刘宋
Southern Qi
南齊南齐
Liang
(~朝, ~代)
Chen
(~朝, ~代)
Sui
(~朝, ~代)
581 – 618 CE
Tang
(~朝, ~代)
618 – 907 CE
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
五代十國五代十国
907 – 960 CE
Liao
(~朝, ~代)
907 – 1125 CE
Song
(~朝, ~代)
960 – 1279 CE Northern Song
北宋
Southern Song
南宋
Western Xia
西夏
1038 – 1227 CE
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
1115 – 1234 CE
Western Liao
西遼西辽
1124 – 1218 CE
Yuan
(~朝, ~代)
1271 – 1368 CE
Ming
(~朝, ~代)
1368 – 1644 CE
Qing
(~朝, ~代)
1636 – 1912 CE

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. circumference
  2. circuit
  3. lap

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
しゅう
Grade: 4
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (tsyuw).

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana しゅう, rōmaji -shū, historical hiragana しう)

  1. laps or circuits

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana しゅう, rōmaji Shū, historical hiragana しう)

  1. Zhou

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana まこと, rōmaji Makoto)

  1. A male given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ju) (hangeul , revised ju, McCune-Reischauer chu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chu, châu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.