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U+5468, 周
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5468

[U+5467]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5469]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月土口 (BGR), four-corner 77220, composition𠮷)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 181, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3441
  • Dae Jaweon: page 400, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 606, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5468

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu bamboo and silk script Qin bamboo and wooden slip script Ancient script Small seal script
周-oracle.svg 周-bronze.svg 周-silk.svg 周-slip.svg 周-ancient.svg 周-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tuːw, *dɯw, *do
*tuːw, *rtɯːw, *tɯw
*tuːwʔ
*tʰuːw, *dɯw
*tʰuːw, *duːw
*duːw
*tɯːw
*tɯːw
*tɯːw
*tɯːw
*tɯːw
*tɯːw
*tɯːw
調 *dɯːw, *dɯːws, *tɯw
*dɯːw
*tʰɯw
*tʰɯw, *tjɯw
*dɯw
*dɯw, *tjɯws
*tjɯw
*tjɯw
*tjɯw
*tjɯw
*tjɯwʔ
*tʰɯːwɢ

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“week; circumference; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified and variant traditional form of .)
Notes:

Usage notes[edit]

This variant form is the name of the second tetragram of the Taixuanjing, as listed in the ancient text.

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂou⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂou⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂou²¹/
/t͡sou²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂou²¹³/
Qingdao /tʃou²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂou²⁴/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂou²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂɯ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂəu⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂou³¹/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂɤu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡səu⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡səu⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡səu⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂəu⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂəɯ³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂɯ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡səu¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂəu¹³/
Hohhot /t͡səu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sɤ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sɤ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sei³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕɤu³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiu³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂəu³³/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂəɯ³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɨu⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡su⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tʃu²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɐu⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sɐu⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sɐu⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡siu⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sieu⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡siu⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡siu³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡siu²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cuw/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiu/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhōu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhōu zhōu
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyuw › ‹ tsyuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*tiw/ /*tiw/
English Zhōu (dynasty and place) cycle; all around

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17531
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjɯw/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. thorough; scrupulous; meticulous
  2. to help financially
  3. (historical) (~朝) Zhou Dynasty
  4. A surname​.
See also[edit]
Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
Name Time period Divisions
Xia
(~朝, ~代)
2070 – 1600 BCE
Shang
(~朝, ~代)
(~朝, ~代)
1600 – 1046 BCE
Zhou
(~朝, ~代)
1046 – 256 BCE Western Zhou
西周
Eastern Zhou
東周东周
Spring and Autumn period
春秋
Warring States period
戰國战国
Qin
(~朝, ~代)
221 – 206 BCE
Han
(~朝, ~代)
206 BCE – 220 CE Western Han
西漢西汉
Xin
(~朝)
Eastern Han
東漢东汉
Three Kingdoms
三國三国
220 – 280 CE Wei
Shu
Wu
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
265 – 420 CE Western Jin
西晉西晋
Eastern Jin
東晉东晋
Southern and Northern dynasties
南北朝
420 – 589 CE Northern dynasties
北朝
Northern Wei
北魏
Western Wei
西魏
Eastern Wei
東魏东魏
Northern Zhou
北周
Northern Qi
北齊北齐
Southern dynasties
南朝
Liu Song
劉宋刘宋
Southern Qi
南齊南齐
Liang
(~朝, ~代)
Chen
(~朝, ~代)
Sui
(~朝, ~代)
581 – 618 CE
Tang
(~朝, ~代)
618 – 907 CE
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
五代十國五代十国
907 – 960 CE
Liao
(~朝, ~代)
907 – 1125 CE
Song
(~朝, ~代)
960 – 1279 CE Northern Song
北宋
Southern Song
南宋
Western Xia
西夏
1038 – 1227 CE
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
1115 – 1234 CE
Western Liao
西遼西辽
1124 – 1218 CE
Yuan
(~朝, ~代)
1271 – 1368 CE
Ming
(~朝, ~代)
1368 – 1644 CE
Qing
(~朝, ~代)
1636 – 1912 CE

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. circumference
  2. circuit
  3. lap

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
しゅう
Grade: 4
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (tsyuw).

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana しゅう, rōmaji -shū, historical hiragana しう)

  1. laps or circuits

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana しゅう, rōmaji Shū, historical hiragana しう)

  1. Zhou

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana まこと, rōmaji Makoto)

  1. A male given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ju) (hangeul , revised ju, McCune-Reischauer chu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chu, châu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.