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U+5F31, 弱
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F31

[U+5F30]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F32]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 57 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 弓一弓戈一 (NMNIM), four-corner 17127, composition ⿰⿹⿹弓冫)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 358, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9791
  • Dae Jaweon: page 675, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 996, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+5F31

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𢐅

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
弱-bigseal.svg 弱-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*neːwʔ
*njewɢ
*njewɢ, *neːwɢ
*njewɢ
*rneːwɢ, *rnaːwɢ
*neːwɢ

弓 ("bow") + 彡 ("decoration" [in this case]) as a decorative bow is functionally inferior.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • jio̍k/lio̍k/jia̍k - literary;
  • jio̍h/lio̍h - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (107)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵɨɐk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵiɐk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑiɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵɨak̚/
Li
Rong
/ȵiak̚/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭak̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ak̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ruò
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
ruò
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyak ›
Old
Chinese
/*newk/
English weak

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10947
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njewɢ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. weak; feeble
    /   ―  ruǎnruò  ―  weak, feeble
  2. fragile; delicate

Antonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. weak
  2. weakness
  3. slightly less than

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yak) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer yak, Yale yak)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhược, ních)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.