貧弱

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See also: 贫弱

Chinese[edit]

poor
 
weak; feeble; young
weak; feeble; young; inferior
trad. (貧弱)
simp. (贫弱)

Pronunciation[edit]


Adjective[edit]

貧弱

  1. poor and weak; impoverished and decrepit

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひん
Grade: 5
じゃく
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Middle Chinese compound 貧弱 (bin nyak, literally poor + weak). Compare modern Mandarin 貧弱贫弱 (pínruò, “poor and weak”).

Alternatively, may have been coined in Japan of Middle Chinese-derived elements (hin, poor) + (jaku, weak).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

(ひん)(じゃく) (hinjaku-na (adnominal (ひん)(じゃく) (hinjaku na), adverbial (ひん)(じゃく) (hinjaku ni))

  1. poor, feeble, scanty
    状況(じょうきょう)は、(かれ)貧弱(ひんじゃく)語彙(ごい)では表現(ひょうげん)できるものではなかった。
    Jōkyō wa, kare no hinjaku na goi de wa hyōgen dekiru mono de wa na katta.
    With his poor vocabulary, he/she was unable to explain the situation in words.
    (literally, “The situation was not a thing that could be described in his/her poor vocabulary.”)

Inflection[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ひん)(じゃく) (hinjaku

  1. meagerness, scantiness

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

貧弱 (binyak) (hangeul 빈약)

  1. Hanja form? of 빈약 (poorness; meagreness).