Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: and
U+5F37, 強
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F37

[U+5F36]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F38]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 57, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓戈中戈 (NILI), four-corner 13236, composition𧈧 or ⿸)

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
強-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kaŋʔ
*kaŋʔ
*kaŋʔ
*kaŋʔ
*ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ
*ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ

Zhengzhang (2003): Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ): phonetic  (OC *kaŋs, *ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ) + semantic  (insect).

Shuowen: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ): phonetic  (OC *ɡʷɯːŋ) + semantic  (insect).

Pronunciation 1[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Note:
  • kiûⁿ - vernacular;
  • kiông/kiâng - literary.
  • (Teochew)
    • Peng'im: kiang5 / kiang3 / gion5 / giên5
    • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: khiâng / khiàng / kiôⁿ / kiêⁿ
    • IPA (key): /kʰiaŋ⁵⁵/, /kʰiaŋ²¹³/, /kĩõ⁵⁵/, /kĩẽ⁵⁵/
Note:
  • kiang3 - "clever", "good at";
  • gion5 - "superior;
  • better" (giên5 - Chaozhou).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (30)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɡɨɐŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɡiɐŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɡiɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /gɨaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɡiaŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɡĭaŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /gi̯aŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qiáng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 10318
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡaŋ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. strong; powerful; energetic
    2. to strengthen
    3. staunch; strong-willed
    4. brutal; forceful
      乘客下機 / 乘客下机  ―  qiángtuō chéngkè xiàjī  ―  to forcefully drag a passenger off the plane
    5. capable; of a high level
    6. superior; better
    7. slightly more than; plus
    8. final contestants in a competition; finalist
    9. (Teochew) clever
    10. (Teochew) good at
    Antonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]

    trad.
    simp.
    variant forms

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to force; to compel; to coerce
      /   ―  miǎnqiǎng  ―  to force somebody to do something
    2. to strive

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 3[edit]

    trad.
    simp.
    variant forms




    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (30)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɡɨɐŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɡiɐŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɡiɑŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /gɨaŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɡiaŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɡĭaŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /gi̯aŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiàng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 10319
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡaŋʔ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. hard; stiff
    2. stubborn; obstinate
    3. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. strong
    2. powerful
    3. potent

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana つよし, rōmaji Tsuyoshi)

    1. A male given name

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gang)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (McCune–Reischauer: kang, Yale: kang)
      • Name (hangeul): 강할
    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: cường, cưỡng
    : Nôm readings: càng, cượng, cướng, gắng, cường, gàn, ngượng, cưỡng, gương, gượng, gàng

    Compounds[edit]

    Adverb[edit]

    (càng)

    1. With a comparative or verb phrase, establishes a parallel with one or more other such comparatives.
      • 18th–19th century: Hồ Xuân Hương, "Vịnh quạt" [1][2]
        (càng)(nóng)(bao)(nhiêu)(thời)(càng)(mát)/(yêu)(đêm)(chưa)(phỉ)(lại)(yêu)𣈜(ngày)
        The hotter you get, the more refreshing you get / It wasn’t enough to love at night, now we love during the day.
    2. all the more, all the less

    References[edit]

    • Lê Sơn Thanh, "Nom-Viet.dat", WinVNKey (details)
    • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
    • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
    • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999