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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (insect)

Han character[edit]

(radical 57 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓戈中戈 (NILI), four-corner 13236, composition𧈧)

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (強), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 巨良切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨɐŋ/ /gi̯aŋ/ /ɡiaŋ/ /ɡiɐŋ/ /gɨaŋ/ /ɡĭaŋ/ /ɡiɑŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)

Definitions[edit]

  1. strong, powerful, energetic
  2. slightly more than; plus
    多少?……分之 [MSC, trad.]
    多少?……分之 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐ zuò le duōshào le?...... Sì fēnzhī yī qiáng. [Pinyin]
    How much have you done?...A bit more than a fourth.

Antonyms[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. A surname​.

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. to strive
    /   ―  miǎnqiǎng  ―  to force somebody to do something

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. strong
  2. powerful
  3. potent

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana つよし, romaji Tsuyoshi)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gang) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kang, Yale kang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Adverb[edit]

(càng)

  1. With a comparative or verb phrase, establishes a parallel with one or more other such comparatives.
    • 18th–19th century: Hồ Xuân Hương, "Vịnh quạt" [1][2]
      (càng)(nóng)(bao)(nhiêu)(thời)(càng)(mát)/(yêu)(đêm)(chưa)(phỉ)(lại)(yêu)𣈜(ngày)
      The hotter you get, the more refreshing you get / It wasn’t enough to love at night, now we love during the day.
  2. all the more, all the less

References[edit]

  • Lê Sơn Thanh, "Nom-Viet.dat", WinVNKey (details)
  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999