Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+5F37, 強
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F37

[U+5F36]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F38]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from (𧈧)

Han character[edit]

(radical 57 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓戈中戈 (NILI), four-corner 13236, composition𧈧 or ⿸)

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
強-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kaŋʔ
*kaŋʔ
*kaŋʔ
*kaŋʔ
*ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ
*ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ

Zhengzhang (2003): Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ): phonetic (OC *kaŋs, *ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ) + semantic (insect).

Shuowen: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ): phonetic (OC *ɡʷɯːŋ) + semantic (insect).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • kiông/kiâng - literary;
  • kiûⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (30)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɡiaŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiáng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 10318
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. strong; powerful; energetic
  2. to strengthen
  3. staunch; strong-willed
  4. brutal; forceful
  5. capable; of a high level
  6. superior; better
  7. slightly more than; plus
Antonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. to force; to compel; to coerce
    /   ―  miǎnqiǎng  ―  to force somebody to do something
  2. to strive

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (30)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨɐŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiɐŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gɨaŋX/
Li
Rong
/ɡiaŋX/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭaŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯aŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiàng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 10319
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaŋʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. hard; stiff
  2. stubborn; obstinate
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. strong
  2. powerful
  3. potent

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana つよし, romaji Tsuyoshi)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gang) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kang, Yale kang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Adverb[edit]

‎(càng)

  1. With a comparative or verb phrase, establishes a parallel with one or more other such comparatives.
    • 18th–19th century: Hồ Xuân Hương, "Vịnh quạt" [1][2]
      (càng)(nóng)(bao)(nhiêu)(thời)(càng)(mát)/(yêu)(đêm)(chưa)(phỉ)(lại)(yêu)𣈜(ngày)
      The hotter you get, the more refreshing you get / It wasn’t enough to love at night, now we love during the day.
  2. all the more, all the less

References[edit]

  • Lê Sơn Thanh, "Nom-Viet.dat", WinVNKey (details)
  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999