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U+5F4A, 彊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F4A

[U+5F49]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F4B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 57 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 弓一田一 (NMWM), four-corner 11216, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 361, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9872
  • Dae Jaweon: page 679, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1003, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5F4A

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kaŋ
*kaŋ
*kaŋ
*kaŋ
*kaŋ
橿 *kaŋ
*kaŋ
*kaŋ
*kaŋ
*kaŋ
*kaŋs, *ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ
*kaŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaŋs, *ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ): semantic  (bow) + phonetic  (OC *kaŋ). Bow is powerful.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kiông/kiâng - literary;
  • kiûⁿ - vernacular.
  • (Teochew)
    • Peng'im: kiang5 / kiang3 / gion5 / giên5
    • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: khiâng / khiàng / kiôⁿ / kiêⁿ
    • IPA (key): /kʰiaŋ⁵⁵/, /kʰiaŋ²¹³/, /kĩõ⁵⁵/, /kĩẽ⁵⁵/
Note:
  • kiang3 - "clever", "good at";
  • gion5 - "superior;
  • better" (giên5 - Chaozhou).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (30)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɡiaŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiáng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 6264
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (archaic, rare outside the Taixuanjing) Alternative form of (qiáng).
  2. 36th tetragram of the Taixuanjing
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. Alternative form of (strong)

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gang) (hangeul , revised gang, McCune-Reischauer kang, Yale kang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cương, cường)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.