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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaŋs, *ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ): semantic  ‎(bow) + phonetic  ‎(OC *kaŋ)

Bow is powerful.

Han character[edit]

(radical 57 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 弓一田一 (NMWM), four-corner 11216, composition)

  1. stubborn, uncompromising

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 361, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9872
  • Dae Jaweon: page 679, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1003, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5F4A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (30) (30) (28)
Final () (105) (105) (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨɐŋ/ /ɡɨɐŋX/ /kɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiɐŋ/ /ɡiɐŋX/ /kiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiɑŋ/ /ɡiɑŋX/ /kiɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gɨaŋ/ /gɨaŋX/ /kɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɡiaŋ/ /ɡiaŋX/ /kiaŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭaŋ/ /ɡĭaŋX/ /kĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯aŋ/ /gi̯aŋX/ /ki̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiáng jiàng jiàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiáng
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjang ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-kaŋ/
English strong

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 6264 6265 6266
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaŋs/ /*ɡaŋ/ /*ɡaŋʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gang) (hangeul , revised gang, McCune-Reischauer kang, Yale kang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cương, cường)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.