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U+5F4A, 彊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F4A

[U+5F49]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F4B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 57, +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 弓一田一 (NMWM), four-corner 11216, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 361, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9872
  • Dae Jaweon: page 679, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1003, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5F4A

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaŋs, *ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ): semantic  (bow) + phonetic  (OC *kaŋ). Bow is powerful.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kiûⁿ - vernacular;
  • kiông/kiâng - literary.
  • (Teochew)
    • Peng'im: kiang5 / kiang3 / gion5 / giên5
    • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: khiâng / khiàng / kiôⁿ / kiêⁿ
    • Sinological IPA (key): /kʰiaŋ⁵⁵/, /kʰiaŋ²¹³/, /kĩõ⁵⁵/, /kĩẽ⁵⁵/
Note:
  • kiang3 - "clever", "good at";
  • gion5 - "superior;
  • better" (giên5 - Chaozhou).
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Initial () (30)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɡɨɐŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɡiɐŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɡiɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /gɨaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɡiaŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɡĭaŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /gi̯aŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qiáng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    No. 6264
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kaŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (archaic) Alternative form of (qiáng).
    2. 36th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "strength" (𝌩)
    3. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. Alternative form of (strong)

    Readings[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (つとむ) (Tsutomu

    1. A male given name

    See also[edit]

    • , a ghost kanji

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɡɨɐŋ, ɡɨɐŋX).

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 굳셀 (gutsel gang))

    1. (literary) Hanja form? of (to be strong).

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (cương, cường)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.