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See also:
U+8591, 薑
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8591

[U+8590]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8592]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140, +13, 19 strokes, cangjie input 廿一田一 (TMWM), four-corner 44106, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1061, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32110
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1525, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3300, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8591

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
variant forms
𧅁
𦷗

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
薑-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kaŋ
*kaŋ
*kaŋ
*kaŋ
*kaŋ
橿 *kaŋ
*kaŋ
*kaŋ
*kaŋ
*kaŋ
*kaŋs, *ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ
*kaŋ

Originally , a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaŋ): semantic  (grass; plant) + phonetic  (OC *kaŋs, *ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ).

Note that the simplified form (OC *klaŋ) is also a traditional character on its own.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *kjaŋ (ginger). Compare Burmese ချင်း (hkyang:).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/kiaŋ/
Wang
Li
/kĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiāng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjang ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]aŋ/
English ginger

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6260
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. ginger

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“ginger”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Harbin
Bayanhot 洋辣子
Jinan 鮮薑黃薑
Muping 生薑
Luoyang
Jiedian 生薑
Xi'an 生薑
Zhengzhou
Xuzhou 生薑
Yinchuan 生薑
Lanzhou 生薑
Ürümqi 生薑
Wuhan 生薑
Chengdu 生薑
Guiyang 生薑
Liuzhou
Yangzhou 生薑
Nanjing 生薑
Hefei 生薑
Cantonese Guangzhou 生薑
Hong Kong
Shunde
Foshan 生薑
Zhongshan
Dongguan
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Taishan 薑乸
Doumen
Kaiping 薑乸
Shaoguan
Yunfu 薑乸
Yangjiang 老薑薑乸
Xinyi 生薑
Lianjiang 薑乸
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang 生薑
Lichuan
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian 薑嫲生薑
Yudu
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 薑嫲
Liudui (S. Sixian) 薑嫲
Hsinchu (Hailu) 薑嫲
Dongshi (Dabu) 薑嫲
Zhuolan (Raoping) 薑嫲
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 薑嫲
Hong Kong 薑嫲
Sabah 薑嫲
Senai
Singkawang 薑嫲
Huizhou Jixi 生薑
Jin Taiyuan 鮮薑
Xinzhou 鮮薑
Hohhot 生薑
Min Bei Jian'ou 老薑
Min Dong Fuzhou 薑母
Fuqing 薑母
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Chaozhou
Johor Bahru
Wenchang 薑母
Haikou 薑母
Puxian Min Putian 薑母
Xianyou 薑母
Pinghua Nanning
Wu Shanghai 生薑
Suzhou 生薑
Hangzhou
Wenzhou 生薑
Chongming 生薑
Danyang 生薑
Jinhua 生薑
Ningbo 生薑
Xiang Changsha 生薑
Shuangfeng 生薑
Loudi

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. ginger

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gang) (hangeul , revised gang, McCune–Reischauer kang, Yale kang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.