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See also: 西, , and
U+56DB, 四
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-56DB

[U+56DA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+56DC]
Commons:Category
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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
四-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 田金 (WC), four-corner 60210, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 216, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4682
  • Dae Jaweon: page 439, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 710, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+56DB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
 
financial



𠁤
𠃢
𦉭

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
四-oracle.svg 四-bronze.svg 四-silk.svg 四-bigseal.svg 四-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
l̥ʰids
hljids
hljids
hljids
hljids
hljids
hrids

The original shell and bone character was written four times, (compare and ). The bronzeware style of the character featured a repositioning of those four lines inside ; this later evolved into the combination used today of (“mouth”) and (“divide”) which meant a dispersal of breath. It could thus be said that four is a borrowed meaning for this character. The original sense is preserved in (OC *hrids), by adding an extra .

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-ləj.

As superstition, (MC siɪH) is avoided because it is similar to (MC sˠiɪX, “death”) in sound.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: si3 - rare.
Note:
  • sé - vernacular;
  • sé̤ṳ - literary.
Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou, Taiwan, Singapore, Penang:
    • sì - vernacular;
    • sù/sìr - literary.
  • Jinjiang, Philippines:
    • sì - vernacular and literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/siH/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/siH/
Li
Rong
/siH/
Wang
Li
/siH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/siH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ sijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.li[j]-s/
English four

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12022
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljids/

Definitions[edit]

  1. four
  2. (music) la (musical note)
  3. (printing) English; The size of type between 小四 (little 4) and 小三 (little 3), standardized as 14 point.

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese:  () (shi)
  • Korean: (, sa)
  • Vietnamese: tứ ()

Others:

See also[edit]

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿

万亿
Financial




亿

万亿
Playing cards in Chinese · 撲克牌扑克牌 (pūkèpái) (layout · text)
40 Asso di picche.jpg 41 Due di picche.jpg 42 Tre di picche.jpg 43 Quattro di picche.jpg 44 Cinque di picche.jpg 45 Sei di picche.jpg 46 Sette di picche.jpg
A
47 Otto di picche.jpg 48 Nove di picche.jpg 49 Dieci di picche.jpg 50 J di picche.jpg 51 Q di picche.jpg 52 K di picche.jpg Jolly Nero.jpg
J Q K 小王 (black), 大王 (red)

Japanese[edit]

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal :

Glyph origin[edit]

From (four). The parallel lines have since evolved into an approximation of what a fist looks when viewed palm side down.

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]
Compounds[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/yo2/ *[jə] > /yo/ [jo].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji yo)

  1. four

Etymology 2[edit]

Native (yo, four) + n, influenced by analogy by the final sound in Chinese (san, three).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana よん, rōmaji yon)

  1. four

Etymology 3[edit]

Sino-Japanese reading.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji shi)

  1. four
  2. fourth

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sa)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: sa, McCune-Reischauer: sa, Yale: sa)
    • Name (hangeul): (revised: neok, McCune-Reischauer: nŏk, Yale: nek)
  1. four

Compounds[edit]


Mulam[edit]

Numeral[edit]

(ti5)

  1. four

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tứ, tớ, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.