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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-56DB
Code point U+56DB
Entity number 四
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+56DA] [U+56DC]
See also: 西, , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
四-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

The original shell and bone character was written four times, (compare and ). The bronzeware style of the character featured a repositioning of those four lines inside ; this later evolved into the combination used today of 口 mouth and 八 divide which meant a dispersal of breath. It could thus be said that four is a borrowed meaning for this character. The original sense is preserved in , by adding an extra .

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
四-oracle.svg 四-bronze.svg 四-silk.svg 四-bigseal.svg 四-seal.svg

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 田金 (WC), four-corner 60210, composition)

Usage notes[edit]

Wikipedia

As superstition, 四 is avoided because it is similar to ‎(death) in sound.

See also[edit]

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿
Financial




亿
  • (Chinese financial form):

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 216, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4682
  • Dae Jaweon: page 439, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 710, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+56DB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
 
financial



𠁤
𠃢
𦉭
Chinese cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal :

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-ləj.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (16)
Final: (15)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: sì
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/siɪH/ /siH/ /sjɪH/ /siH/ /siH/ /siH/ /siH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ sijH › /*s.li[j]-s/ four

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12022 1 /*hljids/

Numeral[edit]

  1. four

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. (music) la (musical note)
  2. (printing) English; The size of type between 小四 (little 4) and 小三 (little 3), standardized as 14 point.

See also[edit]

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿
Financial




亿
Playing cards in Chinese · 撲克牌扑克牌 (pūkèpái) (layout · text)
40 Asso di picche.jpg 41 Due di picche.jpg 42 Tre di picche.jpg 43 Quattro di picche.jpg 44 Cinque di picche.jpg 45 Sei di picche.jpg 46 Sette di picche.jpg
A
47 Otto di picche.jpg 48 Nove di picche.jpg 49 Dieci di picche.jpg 50 J di picche.jpg 51 Q di picche.jpg 52 K di picche.jpg Jolly Nero.jpg
J Q K 小王 ‎(black), 大王 ‎(red)

Japanese[edit]

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal :

Etymology 1[edit]

/yo2/ *[jə] > /yo/ [jo].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji yo)

  1. four

Etymology 2[edit]

Native ‎(yo, four) + n, influenced by analogy by the final sound in Chinese ‎(san, three).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana よん, romaji yon)

  1. four

Etymology 3[edit]

Sino-Japanese reading.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. four
  2. fourth

Etymology 4[edit]

From ‎(four). The parallel lines have since evolved into an approximation of what a fist looks when viewed palm side down.

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]
Compounds[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sa)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sa, McCune-Reischauer: sa, Yale: sa)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: neok, McCune-Reischauer: nŏk, Yale: nek)
  1. four

Compounds[edit]


Mulam[edit]

Numeral[edit]

‎(ti5)

  1. four

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tứ, tớ, )

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