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See also: 西, , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
四-bw.png
Stroke order
四-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

The original shell and bone character was written four times, (compare and ). The bronzeware style of the character featured a repositioning of those four lines inside ; this later evolved into the combination used today of 口 mouth and 八 divide which meant a dispersal of breath. It could thus be said that four is a borrowed meaning for this character.

四 四 四 四
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 田金 (WC), four-corner 60210, composition)

  1. four

Usage notes[edit]

Wikipedia

As superstition, 四 is avoided because similar to (death) in sound.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 216, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4682
  • Dae Jaweon: page 439, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 710, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+56DB

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping sei3, si3, Yale sei3, si3)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ , Guangdong si5 [Meixian], Hagfa Pinyim xi4)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal :

Etymology 1[edit]

/yo2/ *[jə] > /yo/ [jo].

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji yo)

  1. four

Etymology 2[edit]

Native yo (id) + n, influenced by analogy by the final sound in Chinese san (three).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana よん, romaji yon)

  1. four
  2. fourth

Etymology 3[edit]

Sino-Japanese reading.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. four
  2. fourth

Etymology 4[edit]

Number[edit]

(よん, yon)

  1. four, 4

Etymology 5[edit]

From (four). The parallel lines have since evolved into an approximation of what a fist looks when viewed palm side down.

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]
Compounds[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sa)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sa, McCune-Reischauer: sa, Yale: sa)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: neok, McCune-Reischauer: nŏk, Yale: nek)
  1. four

Compounds[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Chinese *slyiy, affected by *s- of preceding *sum "3" (), from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *p-lëy "four" (compare Classical Tibetan bzhi)

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin
Zhuyin ㄙˋ
IPA (key) /sz̩⁵¹/
Audio
(file)

Numeral[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. four

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. (musical note) la

See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(traditional, POJ (su3), (si3))


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tứ, tớ, )


Wu[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Latin Alphabet: szˋ

Zhuyin Fuhao: ㄙˋ