四天王

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Chinese[edit]

four the son of heaven; emperor
simp. and trad.
(四天王)
天王

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

四天王

  1. (Buddhism) Synonym of 四大天王 (sìdàtiānwáng, “the four heavenly kings”).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
てん
Grade: 1
おう > のう
Grade: 1
on’yomi goon
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Etymology[edit]

Ultimately a calque of Sanskrit चतुर्महाराज (caturmahārāja, literally four great kings).

Equivalent to (shi, four) +‎ 天王 (tennō, heavenly king).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()(てん)(のう) (shitennōしてんわう (sitenwau)?

  1. (Buddhism) the four gods believed to be watching over the four cardinal directions:
    1. 持国天 (Jikokuten, Dhṛtarāṣṭra), east
    2. 増長天 (Zōjōten, Virūḍhaka), south
    3. 広目天 (Kōmokuten, Virūpākṣa), west
    4. 多聞天 (Tamonten, Vaiśravaṇa), north
    Synonyms: 四大天王 (shi daitennō), 四天 (shiten)
  2. (by extension) the four most superior individuals within a group or field

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN