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|simp. and trad.
|Literally: “four junzis”.|
- Four Gentleman; four plants (chrysanthemum, bamboo, orchid, and plum blossom) that are often depicted in traditional Chinese, Korean, and Japanese ink-and-brush painting
|Kanji in this term|
- the Four Gentlemen: ume (the plum blossom, symbolising winter), ran (the orchid, symbolizing spring), matsu, (the bamboo, symbolizing summer), and kiku (chrysanthemum, symbolizing autumn):
- 松竹梅 (しょうちくばい, shōchikubai): pine, bamboo, and plum (similarly appearing as the subject of traditional Chinese, Korean, and Japanese paintings)