四君子

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Chinese[edit]

four
simp. and trad.
(四君子)
君子
Literally: “four junzis”.

Pronunciation[edit]


Proper noun[edit]

四君子

  1. Four Gentleman; four plants (chrysanthemum, bamboo, orchid, and plum blossom) that are often depicted in traditional Chinese, Korean, and Japanese ink-and-brush painting

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
くん
Grade: 3

Grade: 1
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Middle Chinese compound 四君子 (*sì *giuən *tziə̌, literally four gentlemen). Compare modern Chinese 四君子 (Sì Jūnzi).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

四君子 (hiragana しくんし, rōmaji Shikunshi)

  1. the Four Gentlemen: ume (the plum blossom, symbolising winter), ran (the orchid, symbolizing spring), matsu, (the bamboo, symbolizing summer), and kiku (chrysanthemum, symbolizing autumn):
    These four plants are often the subject of traditional Chinese, Korean, and Japanese paintings, with each often used to represent one of the four seasons; winter, spring, summer, and autumn, respectively.

Coordinate terms[edit]

  • 松竹梅 (しょうちくばい, ​shōchikubai): pine, bamboo, and plum (similarly appearing as the subject of traditional Chinese, Korean, and Japanese paintings)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9