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U+56E7, 囧
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-56E7

[U+56E6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+56E8]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 田金月 (WCB), four-corner 60227)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 217, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4707
  • Dae Jaweon: page 444, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 715, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+56E7

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
囧-oracle.svg 囧-bronze.svg 囧-bigseal.svg 囧-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形), resembling a window.

Etymology[edit]

The slang sense is an emoticon used to express helplessness or awkwardness, usually in a humorous way. This usage gained popularity on Taiwanese forums (aka "BBS"), then spread through the media to Hong Kong, and eventually to Mainland China. Its meaning was influenced by the character (jiǒng, “hard-pressed; embarrassed”) (homophonic in Mandarin).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (112)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠwiæŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷᵚiaŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiuaŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwiajŋX/
Li
Rong
/kiuɐŋX/
Wang
Li
/kĭwɐŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯wɐŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiǒng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiǒng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjwængX ›
Old
Chinese
/*k-mraŋʔ/ (dialect: *k.mr- > *kʷr-)
English bright window

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6909
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷaŋʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. patterned window; a clear and bright window; shining, brightness
  2. (neologism, slang, humorous) an emoticon expressing surprise, shock, embarrassment, helplessness or awkwardness

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyeong) (hangeul , revised gyeong, McCune-Reischauer kyŏng)

  1. (빛나다) bright
  2. (밝다) clear
  3. (나는 모양) the appearance of birds flying
  4. () window