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See also: 亿

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
億-bronze.svg 億-bigseal.svg 億-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qɯɡ): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *qɯɡs)

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +13, 15 strokes, cangjie input 人卜廿心 (OYTP), four-corner 20236, composition)

See also[edit]

  • Chinese Numeral
    Last: , ; Next: .

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 118, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1178
  • Dae Jaweon: page 252, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 227, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5104

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. 亿
Chinese cardinal numbers
 <  9999,9999 1,0000,0000 1,0000,0001  > 
    Cardinal :

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final: (134)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yi
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɨk̚/ /ʔɨk̚/ /ʔiek̚/ /ʔik̚/ /ʔiək̚/ /ĭək̚/ /ʔi̯ək̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔik › /*ʔ(r)ək/ 100000

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15157 0 /*qɯɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. hundred million, 100,000,000, 100×10, 1×10
  2. (obsolete) hundred thousand, 100,000, 100×10³, 1×10
  3. many
  4. A surname​.

See also[edit]

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿
Financial




亿

Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana おく, romaji oku)

  1. a hundred million, 108

Pronunciation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  2. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(eok) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ŏk)

Noun[edit]

‎(eok) ‎(hangeul )

  1. Hanja form? of , “a hundred million, 108”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ức)

Noun[edit]

  1. Hán tự form of ức, "a hundred million, 108"