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See also: 亿
U+5104, 億
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5104

[U+5103]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5105]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +13, 15 strokes, cangjie input 人卜廿心 (OYTP), four-corner 20236, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 118, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1178
  • Dae Jaweon: page 252, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 227, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5104

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. 亿

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
億-bronze.svg 億-bigseal.svg 億-seal.svg




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
qrɯːɡs, *qɯ
qɯ, *qɯʔ, *qɯl
qɯʔ, *qɯɡ
qɯɡs
qɯɡs
qɯɡ
qɯɡ
qɯɡ
qɯɡ
qɯɡ
qɯɡ
qɯɡ
qɯɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qɯɡ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *qɯɡs).

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (134)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔik̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔiək̚/
Wang
Li
/ĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔik ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔ(r)ək/
English 100000

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15157
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qɯɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. hundred million (100,000,000)
  2. hundred thousand (100,000)
  3. many
  4. A surname​.

See also[edit]

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿

万亿
Financial




亿

万亿

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おく, rōmaji oku)

  1. a hundred million, 108

Pronunciation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  2. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eok) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ŏk)

Noun[edit]

(eok) (hangeul )

  1. Hanja form? of , “a hundred million, 108”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ức)

Noun[edit]

  1. Hán tự form of ức, “a hundred million, 108