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See also: surmisé
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /sɜːˈmaɪz/
- (General American) IPA(key): /sɚˈmaɪz/
Audio (AU) (file)
- Hyphenation: sur‧mise
- Thought, imagination, or conjecture, which may be based upon feeble or scanty evidence; suspicion; guess.
- surmises of jealousy or of envy
- 1721, anonymous [Jonathan Swift], “The Sentiments of a Church of England-man with Respect to Religion and Government. Written in the Year, 1708”, in Miscellanies in Prose and Verse, 4th edition, Dublin: Printed by S. Fairbrother, book-seller, and are to be sold at his shop in Skinner-Row, over against the Tholsel, OCLC 744843032, page 61:
- But ſurely no Man whatſoever ought in Justice or good Manners to be charged with Principles he actually diſowns, unleſs his Practices do openly and without the leaſt Room for Doubt, contradict his Profeſſion: Not upon ſmall Surmiſes, or becauſe he has the Miſfortune to have Ill Men ſometimes agree with him in a few general Sentiments.
- 1919, W[illiam] Somerset Maugham, chapter 32, in The Moon and Sixpence: A Novel (Heinemann's Colonial Library of Popular Fiction), London: William Heinemann, OCLC 22207227:
- The meeting had been devoid of incident. No word had been said to give me anything to think about, and any surmises I might make were unwarranted. I was intrigued.
- 1962 April, “Talking of Trains: The future of Princes Street”, in Modern Railways, page 227:
- In short, the chances of the Princes Street terminal's survival seem unsure, though at the moment these views are no more than surmise.
- Reflection; thought; posit.
- c. 1606?, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Macbeth”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies, London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, Act I, scene iii, page 133:
- My Thought, whoſe Murther yet is but fantaſticall, / Shakes ſo my ſingle ſtate of Man, / That Function is ſmother'd in ſurmiſe, / And nothing is, but what is not.
- 1816 October, John Keats, “On First Looking into Chapman's Homer”, in H[enry] Buxton Forman, editor, The Complete Works of John Keats, volume I (Poems Published in 1817; Endymion), New York, N.Y.: Thomas Y. Crowell & Co. Publishers, published 1900–1901, OCLC 18556005, page 47:
thought, imagination, or conjecture, which may be based upon feeble or scanty evidence
Reflection; thought; posit
to imagine or suspect
- surmise in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
- surmise in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
- first-person singular present indicative of
- third-person singular present indicative of
- first-person singular present subjunctive of
- third-person singular present subjunctive of
- second-person singular imperative of