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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-674E
Code point U+674E
Entity number 李
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+674D] [U+674F]

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(tree) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 木弓木 (DND), four-corner 40407, composition)

  1. plum tree
  2. the fruit of the plum
  3. judge

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 511, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14459
  • Dae Jaweon: page 895, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1162, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+674E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /li²¹⁴/
Harbin /li²¹³/
Tianjin /li¹³/
Jinan /li⁵⁵/
Qingdao /li⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /li⁵³/
Xi'an /li⁵³/
Xining /l̩⁵³/
Yinchuan /li⁵³/
Lanzhou /li⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /li⁵¹/
Wuhan /ni⁴²/
Chengdu /ni⁵³/
Guiyang /ni⁴²/
Kunming /li⁵³/
Nanjing /li²¹²/
Hefei /zz̩²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /li⁵³/
Pingyao /li⁵³/
Hohhot /li⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /li¹³/
Suzhou /li³¹/
Hangzhou /li⁵³/
Wenzhou /lei³⁵/
Hui Shexian /li³⁵/
Tunxi /li²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /li⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ni⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /li²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /li³¹/
Taoyuan /li³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lei²³/
Nanning /li²⁴/
Hong Kong /lei¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /li⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /li³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /li²¹/
/sɛ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /li⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /li²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɨX/ /liX/ /liəX/ /lɨX/ /lɨX/ /lĭəX/ /lieX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ liX › /*C.rəʔ/ plum

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17869 0 /*rɯʔ/

Noun[edit]

  1. plum

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​, listed fourth in the Baijiaxing

Usage notes[edit]

In mainland China or among its expatriates, this name is generally romanized "Li" in accordance with the Hanyu Pinyin system. Although an identical transliteration is used in Wade-Giles, similarity to the English name has made the romanization "Lee" more common in Hong Kong and Taiwan. A notable example to this is Bruce Lee.

Descendants[edit]

  • English: Li, Lee
  • Tagalog: (from Hokkien) Sy

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. plum

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana すもも, romaji sumomo)

  1. plum (Prunus salicina)

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(katakana , hiragana , romaji Ri)

  1. Japanese reading of the Chinese or Korean surname.

‎(katakana リー, hiragana りい, romaji )

  1. Japanese reading of the Chinese surname.

‎(katakana , hiragana , romaji I)

  1. Japanese reading of the Korean surname.

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Mandarin ‎(plum).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (North Korea) IPA(key): [ɾiː]
  • (South Korea) IPA(key): [iː]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ri, i)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: Lee, (NK) ri, Rhee, (SK) i, I, McCune-Reischauer: (NK) ri, (SK) i, Yi, Yale: (NK) li, (SK) i)
  • Name (hangeul): 자두(Jadu)()
  1. (North Korea) , (South Korea) : the second most common surname in Korea
  2. (North Korea) , (South Korea) : plum

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]