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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ‘tree’ + ‘children’, because of the plum tree's prolific breeding or because it was popular with children.

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 木弓木 (DND), four-corner 40407, composition)

  1. plum tree
  2. the fruit of the plum
  3. judge
  4. a surname, listed fourth in the Baijiaxing

Usage notes[edit]

In mainland China or among its expatriates, this name is generally romanized "Li" in accordance with the Hanyu Pinyin system. Although an identical transliteration is used in Wade-Giles, similarity to the English name has made the romanization "Lee" more common in Hong Kong and Taiwan.

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 511, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14459
  • Dae Jaweon: page 895, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1162, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+674E

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping lei5, Yale lei5)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ lí (li2), Guangdong li3, Hagfa Pinyim li3)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. plum

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana すもも, romaji sumomo)

  1. plum (Prunus salicina)

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(katakana , hiragana , romaji Ri)

  1. Japanese reading of the Chinese or Korean surname.

(katakana リー, hiragana りい, romaji )

  1. Japanese reading of the Chinese surname.

(katakana , hiragana , romaji I)

  1. Japanese reading of the Korean surname.

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Mandarin (plum).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (North Korea) IPA(key): [ɾiː]
  • (South Korea) IPA(key): [iː]

Hanja[edit]

((NK) ri, (SK) i)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): [[(NK) , (SK) ]] (revised: Lee, (NK) ri, Rhee, (SK) i, I, McCune-Reischauer: (NK) ri, (SK) i, Yi, Yale: (NK) li, (SK) i)
  • Name (hangeul): [[자두(Jadu)]]()
  1. (North Korea) , (South Korea) : the second most common surname in Korea
  2. (North Korea) , (South Korea) : plum

Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin (li3), (Li3), Wade-Giles li3, Li3)


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*liə̌)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ Lí (li2))

Descendants[edit]

  • (Hokkien dialect) Tagalog: Sy

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, , )

References[edit]