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See also:
U+674E, 李
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-674E

[U+674D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+674F]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 木弓木 (DND), four-corner 40407, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 511, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14459
  • Dae Jaweon: page 895, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1162, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+674E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
李-bronze.svg 李-seal.svg 李-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔslɯ
*ʔslɯ, *ʔslɯʔ
*ʔslɯ, *zlɯs
*ʔslɯʔ
*ʔslɯʔ
*ʔslɯʔ
*ʔslɯʔ
*ʔslɯʔ
*ʔslɯʔ
*zlɯs
*zlɯs
*zlɯs
*zlɯs
*rɯʔ

Oracle bone script: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rɯʔ): phonetic  (OC *m·rɯːɡ, wheat) + semantic . The phonetic part became gradually corrupted to yield (“tree”).

Shuowen erroneously remarks that this is a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rɯʔ): semantic  (tree) + phonetic  (OC *ʔslɯʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sā̤ - vernacular (plum);
  • lǐ - literary (surname).
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /li²¹⁴/
    Harbin /li²¹³/
    Tianjin /li¹³/
    Jinan /li⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /li⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /li⁵³/
    Xi'an /li⁵³/
    Xining /l̩⁵³/
    Yinchuan /li⁵³/
    Lanzhou /li⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /li⁵¹/
    Wuhan /ni⁴²/
    Chengdu /ni⁵³/
    Guiyang /ni⁴²/
    Kunming /li⁵³/
    Nanjing /li²¹²/
    Hefei /zz̩²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /li⁵³/
    Pingyao /li⁵³/
    Hohhot /li⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /li²³/
    Suzhou /li³¹/
    Hangzhou /li⁵³/
    Wenzhou /lei³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /li³⁵/
    Tunxi /li²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /li⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /ni⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /li²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /li³¹/
    Taoyuan /li³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /lei²³/
    Nanning /li²⁴/
    Hong Kong /lei¹³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /li⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /li³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /li²¹/
    /sɛ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /li⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /li²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (19)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɨX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /lɨX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /lieX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lɨX/
    Li
    Rong
    /liəX/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭəX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /liX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ liX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.rəʔ/
    English plum

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17869
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*rɯʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. plum (tree and fruit)
    2. (astronomy) Zeta Virginis
    3. Alternative form of (, “judge; justice”).
    4. A surname​, listed fourth in the Baijiaxing

    Usage notes[edit]

    In mainland China and among its expatriates, this surname is generally romanized as "Li" in accordance with the Hanyu Pinyin system. Although an identical transliteration is used in Wade-Giles, similarity to the English surname has made the romanization "Lee" more common in Hong Kong and Taiwan. A notable example of this is Bruce Lee.

    Descendants[edit]

    • English: Li, Lee
    • Tagalog: Sy (via Hokkien)

    Compounds[edit]

    Further reading[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. plum

    Readings[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana すもも, rōmaji sumomo)

    1. plum (Prunus salicina)

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (katakana , hiragana , rōmaji Ri)

    1. Japanese reading of the Chinese or Korean surname.

    (katakana リー, hiragana りい, rōmaji )

    1. Japanese reading of the Chinese surname.

    (katakana , hiragana , rōmaji I)

    1. Japanese reading of the South Korean surname.

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MCX). Attested in 훈몽자회/訓蒙字會 as Middle Korean 니〯.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 오얏나무 (oyannamu ri), South Korea 오얏나무 (oyannamu i))

    1. Hanja form? of / (Lee, the second most common Korean surname​.).
    2. (literary) Hanja form? of / (plum tree).

    Usage notes[edit]

    This hanja is spelled (i) in South Korea due to 두음 법칙 (頭音法則, dueum beopchik).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (lí, lý)

    1. A Vietnamese family name.
    2. An unisex given name.

    References[edit]