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U+68A8, 梨
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-68A8

[U+68A7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+68A9]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹弓木 (HND) or X竹弓木 (XHND), four-corner 22904, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 530, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14873
  • Dae Jaweon: page 918, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1215, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+68A8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
梨-seal.svg 梨-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*riːl
*riːl, *r'il, *r'i
*riːl
*riːl, *ril
*riːl, *ri
*riːl, *ril
*riːl
*riːl
*riːl
*rel
*ril
*ril
*ril
*ril
*ril
*rids
*rids
*riːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ril): phonetic  (OC *rids) + semantic .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lì - “pear”;
  • lài - used in 黃梨.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • lê - literary;
    • lâi - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (15)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /liɪ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /li/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ljɪ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /li/
    Li
    Rong
    /li/
    Wang
    Li
    /li/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7891
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ril/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. pear
    2. Alternative form of (, “to cut”).

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. pear

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    (nashi, ri, rin: the tree) and the fruit.
    Kanji in this term
    なし
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese [Term?]. Derivation unclear, with numerous theories. Two of the more common are given below.

    • May be originally a compound of (na, hypothesized root of modern naka, middle, center) +‎ (shiro, white) in reference to the pale flesh of the fruit.
    */na ɕiro//naɕi/
    • Alternatively, may be originally a compound of (na, hypothesized root of modern naka, middle, center) +‎ (su, sour, acidic) in reference to the way the flavor of the fruit becomes more astringent closer to the core.
    */na su//naɕi/

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana なし, katakana ナシ, rōmaji nashi)

    1. a pear tree
    2. a pear (the fruit)
    3. more specifically, the Japanese pear or Asian pear, Pyrus pyrifolia
    Derived terms[edit]
    Usage notes[edit]

    As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ナシ.

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (*li). Compare modern Mandarin reading .

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji ri)

    1. a pear tree
    2. a pear (the fruit)
    3. more specifically, the Japanese pear or Asian pear, Pyrus pyrifolia
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    りん
    Grade: S
    kan’yōon

    Alteration of ri reading.

    /ri//rin/

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    (hiragana りん, rōmaji rin)

    1. pear
    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ri>i) (hangeul >, revised ri>i, McCune-Reischauer ri>i, Yale li>i)

    1. pear

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (, lệ)

    1. pear