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U+68A8, 梨
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-68A8

[U+68A7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+68A9]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹弓木 (HND) or X竹弓木 (XHND), four-corner 22904, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 530, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14873
  • Dae Jaweon: page 918, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1215, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+68A8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
梨-bigseal.svg 梨-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*riːl, *ril
*riːl
*riːl, *r'il, *r'i
*riːl
*riːl, *ril
*riːl, *ri
*riːl, *ril
*riːl
*riːl
*riːl
*rel
*ril
*ril
*ril
*ril
*ril
*rids
*rids
*riːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ril): phonetic (OC *rids) + semantic .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lì - “pear”;
  • lài - used in 黃梨.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/liɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/li/
Shao
Rongfen
/ljɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/li/
Li
Rong
/li/
Wang
Li
/li/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7891
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ril/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. pear
  2. Alternative form of (“to cut”).

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. pear

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(nashi, ri, rin: the tree and the fruit.
Kanji in this term
なし
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Derivation unclear, with numerous theories. Two of the more common are given below.

  • May be originally a compound of (na, hypothesized root of modern naka, middle, center) +‎ (shiro, white) in reference to the pale flesh of the fruit.
*/na ɕiro//naɕi/
  • Alternatively, may be originally a compound of (na, hypothesized root of modern naka, middle, center) +‎ (su, sour, acidic) in reference to the way the flavor of the fruit becomes more astringent closer to the core.
*/na su//naɕi/

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana なし, katakana ナシ, romaji nashi)

  1. a pear tree
  2. a pear (the fruit)
  3. more specifically, the Japanese pear or Asian pear, Pyrus pyrifolia
Derived terms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as ナシ.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (*li). Compare modern Mandarin reading .

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ri)

  1. a pear tree
  2. a pear (the fruit)
  3. more specifically, the Japanese pear or Asian pear, Pyrus pyrifolia
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
りん
Grade: S
kan'yōon

Alteration of ri reading.

/ri//rin/

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

‎(hiragana りん, romaji rin)

  1. pear
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ri>i) (hangeul >, revised ri>i, McCune-Reischauer ri>i, Yale li>i)

  1. pear

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, lệ)

  1. pear