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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹弓木 (HND) or X竹弓木 (XHND), four-corner 22904, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 530, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14873
  • Dae Jaweon: page 918, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1215, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+68A8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liɪ/ /li/ /li/ /li/ /li/ /li/ /ljɪ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7891 1 /*ril/ 同棃見漢書子虛賦

Noun[edit]

  1. pear

Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. Alternative form of : to cut

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. pear

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
: the tree and the fruit
Kanji in this term
なし
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Derivation unclear, with numerous theories. Two of the more common are given below.

  • May be originally a compound of ‎(na, hypothesized root of modern naka, middle, center) +‎ ‎(shiro, white) in reference to the pale flesh of the fruit.
*/na ɕiro/ > /naɕi/
  • Alternatively, may be originally a compound of ‎(na, hypothesized root of modern naka, middle, center) +‎ ‎(su, sour, acidic) in reference to the way the flavor of the fruit becomes more astringent closer to the core.
*/na su/ > /naɕi/

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana なし, katakana ナシ, romaji nashi)

  1. a pear tree
  2. a pear (the fruit)
  3. more specifically, the Japanese pear or Asian pear, Pyrus pyrifolia
Derived terms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as ナシ.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(*li). Compare modern Mandarin reading .

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ri)

  1. a pear tree
  2. a pear (the fruit)
  3. more specifically, the Japanese pear or Asian pear, Pyrus pyrifolia
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
りん
Grade: S
kan'yōon

Alteration of ri reading.

/ri//rin/

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

‎(hiragana りん, romaji rin)

  1. pear
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ri, i) (hangeul , , revised ri, i, McCune-Reischauer ri, i, Yale li, i)

  1. pear

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, lệ)

  1. pear