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U+B9AC, 리
HANGUL SYLLABLE RI
Composition: +
Dubeolsik input:f-l

[U+B9AB]
Hangul Syllables
[U+B9AD]

Korean[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɾi]
  • Phonetic hangeul: []
Revised Romanization? ri
Revised Romanization (translit.)? li
McCune–Reischauer? ri
Yale Romanization? li

Etymology 1[edit]



릿

릐 ←→ 마

Syllable[edit]

(ri)

  1. A Hangul syllabic block made up of and .

Etymology 2[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Suffix[edit]

—리 (-ri)

  1. a suffix deriving a passive verb
    그가 가방. (Geuga gabang-eul deunda., “He carries a bag.”) → 가방이 그에게 들린. (Gabang-i geuege deullinda., “The bag is carried by him.”)

Suffix[edit]

—리 (-ri)

  1. a suffix deriving a causative verb
    그가 가방. (Geuga gabang-eul deunda., “He carries a bag.”) → 그녀가 그에게 가방들린. (Geunyeoga geuege gabang-eul deullinda., “She has him carry the bag.”)

Etymology 3[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Suffix[edit]

—리 (-ri-)

  1. I guess somebody will ...
    그는 벌써 저녁었으라. (Geuneun beolsseo jeonyeogeul meogeosseurira., “He might have had dinner already.”)
  2. I/We will ...
    속히 다녀오다. (Nae sokhi danyeoorida., “I'll be back soon.”)

Suffix[edit]

—리 (-ri)

  1. I guess somebody will ...
  2. I/We will ...
    세상이 나를 절망케 해도 나는 살아. (Sesang-i nareul jeolmangke haedo naneun saragari., “Even with the world frustrating me, I shall live.”)
  3. How on earth will I/we ...?
    나라빼앗겼거늘, 어찌 가만히 있으? (Narareul ppaeatgyeotgeoneul, eojji gamanhi isseul su isseuri?, “The nation being deprived of, how on earth could we stay motionless?”)

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix (ri-) is followed only by specific suffixes, including (da), (ra), (ni), 니라 (nira), therefore making combined suffixes such as 리다 (rida), 리라 (rira), 리니 (rini), 리니라 (rinira).

The suffix (ri) takes the sequential form, and if the stem ends in (-l), the (l) does not fall out.

Etymology 4[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (reason; logic)

Noun[edit]

(ri) (hanja )

  1. (dependent) reason; logic
  2. (with negation) even the slightest possibility
    그럴 없다! (Geureol riga eopda!, “That can't be true!”)
    주인공 ? (Ju-in-gong-i jugeul riga itgennya?, “Do you think the main character can ever die?”)

Etymology 5[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (village, a unit of distance)

Noun[edit]

(ri) (hanja )

  1. (unit of measure) li, a traditional Korean unit of distance equivalent to about 393 m.
  2. (government) village, a Korean administrative division covering a small settlement and its surrounding hinterland.
Coordinate terms[edit]
  • (Administrative divisions of South Korea) (ri), (dong), (myeon), (eup), (gu), (gun), (si), (do)

Etymology 6[edit]

Sino-Korean word from

Proper noun[edit]

(Ri) (hanja )

  1. (North Korea) Lee, the second most common Korean surname​.
Alternative forms[edit]
  • (i) (South Korea)
Usage notes[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

Sino-Korean word from /

Suffix[edit]

—리 (-ri) (hanja /)

  1. in the center of
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 8[edit]

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable[edit]

(ri)

Extended content
  1. :
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  2. :
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC liɪH))
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC liɪ))
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MCH))
  7. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ, liᴇH, leiH))
  8. :
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  9. :
    (MC reading: (MC liɪX))
  10. :
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  11. :
    (MC reading: (MC lei))
  12. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  13. :
    (MC reading: )
  14. :
    (MC reading: )
  15. :
    (MC reading: )
  16. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  17. :
    (MC reading: (MC liɪH))
  18. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  19. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  20. :
    (MC reading: (MC liuᴇ))
  21. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  22. :
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  23. :
    (MC reading: (MC liɪH, leiH))
  24. 𢻠:
    (MC reading: 𢻠)
  25. : spotted cow
    (eumhun reading: 얼룩소 (eollukso ri))
    (MC reading: (MC liɪ))
  26. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʈʰˠiᴇ))
  27. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  28. :
    (MC reading: )
  29. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  30. :
    (MC reading: (MC liɪH))
  31. :
    (MC reading: (MC liɪ))
  32. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʈʰˠiᴇ))
  33. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  34. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇX))
  35. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʈʰˠiᴇ))
  36. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  37. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  38. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  39. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  40. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  41. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: )
  42. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: )
  43. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: (MC lei))
  44. :
    (MC reading: )
  45. :
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  46. :
    (MC reading: )
  47. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  48. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  49. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇX))
  50. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʈʰˠiᴇ))
  51. :
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  52. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  53. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  54. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡sɨX))
  55. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  56. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  57. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  58. :
    (MC reading: (MC lenH))
  59. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  60. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  61. :
    (MC reading: )
  62. :
    (MC reading: )
  63. :
    (MC reading: )
  64. :
    (MC reading: (MC lei, leiX))
  65. :
    (MC reading: )
  66. :
    (MC reading: (MC liɪ))
  67. :
    (MC reading: )
  68. :
    (MC reading: (MC lɨ, lei))
  69. :
    (MC reading: )
  70. :
    (MC reading: )
  71. :
    (MC reading: )
  72. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  73. :
    (MC reading: )
  74. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃˠiᴇX))
  75. :
    (MC reading: )
  76. :
    (MC reading: )
  77. :
    (MC reading: (MC liɪ, lei))
  78. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  79. :
    (MC reading: )
  80. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  81. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇH))
  82. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ, lei))
  83. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  84. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃˠiᴇ))
  85. :
    (MC reading: )
  86. :
    (MC reading: )
  87. :
    (MC reading: )
  88. :
    (MC reading: (MC liɪ, lei))
  89. :
    (MC reading: (MC leiX))
  90. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  91. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  92. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ, leiH))
  93. :
    (MC reading: (MC lei))
  94. :
    (MC reading: )
  95. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  96. :
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ, leiX, leiH))
Alternative forms[edit]
  • (i) (South Korea)
Usage notes[edit]

In South Korea, the hanja above are read as (i) when used as a single word or as the first syllable of a Sino-Korean compound. However, the reading (ri) is retained when the hanja is not part of the first syllable of a Sino-Korean compound. This is known as 두음 법칙 (頭音法則, dueum beopchik).

References[edit]

  • Supreme Court of the Republic of Korea (대한민국 대법원, Daehanmin-guk daebeobwon) (2018). Table of hanja for personal names (인명용 한자표 / 人名用漢字表, inmyeong-yonghanjapyo), page 14. [1]
  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]