갈다

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Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

First attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean 갈〯다〮 (Yale: kǎl-tá).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈka̠(ː)ɭda̠]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?galda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?galda
McCune–Reischauer?kalda
Yale Romanization?kālta

Verb[edit]

갈다 (galda) (infinitive 갈아, sequential 가니)

  1. to till, plough, sow a crop, cultivate
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean ᄀᆞᆯ다〮 (Yale: kòl-tá).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?galda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?galda
McCune–Reischauer?kalda
Yale Romanization?kalta

Verb[edit]

갈다 (galda) (infinitive 갈아, sequential 가니)

  1. to change, replace
    Synonym: 교체(交替)하다 (gyochehada)
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

First attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean ᄀᆞᆯ〮다〮 (Yale: kól-tá).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈka̠(ː)ɭda̠]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?galda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?galda
McCune–Reischauer?kalda
Yale Romanization?kālta

Verb[edit]

갈다 (galda) (infinitive 갈아, sequential 가니)

  1. to grind, file, polish, rub, whet
Conjugation[edit]