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See also:
U+9BC9, 鯉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9BC9

[U+9BC8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9BCA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

Stroke order
18 strokes
Stroke order (Japan)
18 strokes

(radical 195, +7, 18 strokes, cangjie input 弓火田土 (NFWG), four-corner 26314, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1471, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46182
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2003, character 34
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4691, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+9BC9

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rɯʔ): semantic (fish) + phonetic (OC *rɯʔ).

Etymology[edit]

Schuessler (2007) considers connection to Proto-Tai *plaːᴬ (fish) to be unlikely.

Norman (2014) compares it to Proto-Kam-Tai *mbləi (carp), suggesting that it may be an early loan from Chinese; compare Thai ปลาไน (common carp), Lakkia [script needed] (-plai⁴, carp).

See the entry 雙鯉魚 for the figurative senses.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • dì - vernacular;
  • lǐ - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • lí - literary;
    • lē/lě, tāi/tai/tâi/tǎi - vernacular (often written as or 𩸙).
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (19)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɨX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /lɨX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /lieX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lɨX/
    Li
    Rong
    /liəX/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭəX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /liX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    lei5
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ liX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mə-rəʔ/
    English carp (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7828
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*rɯʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. carp, especially the common carp
    2. (figuratively) messenger
    3. (figuratively) letter; correspondence

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    こい
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    /ko1pi1//kopi//kofi/ → */kowi//koi/

    From Old Japanese, attested in the Nihon Shoki.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (こい) (koiこひ (kofi)?

    1. carp, specifically, the common carp (Cyprinus carpio)

    Usage notes[edit]

    • As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts (where it is customary), as コイ.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    See also[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (こい) (Koiこひ (kofi)?

    1. a surname​.

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ri>i) (hangeul >, revised ri>i, McCune–Reischauer ri>i, Yale li>i)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings:

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.