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U+609D, 悝
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-609D

[U+609C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+609E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 心田土 (PWG), four-corner 96014, composition)

  1. to laugh at
  2. to pity
  3. afflicted, sad

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 388, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10678
  • Dae Jaweon: page 720, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2304, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+609D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mrɯː
*mrɯː
*mrɯː
*ʔr'ɯː
*rɯ
*rɯ
*p·rɯ
*rɯ
*rɯ
*rɯʔ
*rɯʔ
*rɯʔ
*rɯʔ
*rɯʔ, *km̥ʰlɯː
*rɯʔ
*rɯʔ
*r̥ʰɯɡ, *l̥ʰuɡ, *hluɡ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (29) (37)
Final () (42) (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰuʌi/ /lɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰuoi/ /lɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuɒi/ /lieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰwəj/ /lɨX/
Li
Rong
/kʰuᴀi/ /liəX/
Wang
Li
/kʰuɒi/ /lĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰuɑ̆i/ /liX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kuī
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 7830 7833
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rɯʔ/ /*km̥ʰlɯː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC kʰuʌi):

(Can we verify(+) this pronunciation?)
From Middle Chinese (MCX):