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See also: , , , and
U+56DE, 回
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-56DE

[U+56DD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+56DF]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
回-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 31, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 田口 (WR), four-corner 60600, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 216, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4690
  • Dae Jaweon: page 422, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 712, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+56DE

Chinese[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
回-bronze.svg 回-ancient.svg 回-seal.svg 回-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形): rotation (originally a spiral).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

"Hui"
From earlier name 回回 (Huíhuí), variant of 回鶻回鹘 (Huíhú), from Old Turkic 𐰆𐰖𐰍𐰆𐰺(uygur). Doublet of 維吾爾维吾尔 (Wéiwú'ěr).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hôe - literary;
  • hêr/hê - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (42)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦuʌi/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦuoi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣuɒi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦwəj/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣuᴀi/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣuɒi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣuɑ̆i/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    huí
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    wui4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    huí
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hwoj ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɢ]ʷˁəj/
    English go around

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5443
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡuːl/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to turn around
      alt. forms:
        ―  wǎng huí zǒu  ―  to turn back
      /   ―  huí guò shēn lái  ―  to turn around
      /   ―  huítóu kàn le yī yǎn  ―  turned around (one's head) and had a look
    2. to return; to go back
      alt. forms:
        ―  huíjiā  ―  to return home
      明天北京 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
      Wǒ míngtiān yào huí Běijīng le. [Pinyin]
      I am returning to Beijing tomorrow.
    3. Used after a verb to indicate a movement back to the original place; back
      使用原位 [MSC, trad.]
      使用原位 [MSC, simp.]
      Shǐyòng hòu qǐng fàng huí yuánwèi. [Pinyin]
      Please put it back after use.
      屬於東西 [MSC, trad.]
      属于东西 [MSC, simp.]
      Wǒ yào ná huí shǔyú wǒ de dōngxi. [Pinyin]
      I must take back what belongs to me.
    4. to circle; to wind
      alt. forms:
    5. to reply; to respond; to answer
        ―  huíxìn  ―  to write back
      電話 / 电话  ―  huí tā ge diànhuà  ―  to call him back
      已讀不 / 已读不  ―  yǐdúbùhuí  ―  to read someone's message and not give any response
    6. to decline; to refuse
    7. to avoid
      alt. forms:
    8. Classifier for chapters.
      西遊記一百 [MSC, trad.]
      西游记一百 [MSC, simp.]
      “Xīyóujì” quán shū gòng yībǎi huí. [Pinyin]
      Journey to the West has 100 chapters in total.
    9. Classifier for number of occurrences of events: times
      alt. forms:
    10. (~族) Hui ethnic group
    11. (dated in Mainland China) Muslim; anything related to Islam
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to revolve; to rotate; to avoid; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Etymology 3[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    alternative forms 𠲛

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    (Min Dong)

    1. that
    2. then
    Synonyms[edit]

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    1. turn

    Readings[edit]

    See also[edit]

    • (this is the older spelling of at least some senses or homonyms)

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    まわ(り)
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    Counter[edit]

    (まわり) (-mawari

    1. a turn, times around something

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かい
    Grade: 2
    kan’on

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɦuʌi).

    The kan'on pronunciation, so likely a later borrowing.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    (かい) (kaiくわい (kwai)?

    1. turn; revolve
    2. return; go back
    3. time; occasion
    4. (dated) Hui; Islam
    5. Alternative form of (kai, roundworm; intestinal worm)
    Derived terms[edit]

    Counter[edit]

    (かい) (-kaiくわい (kwai)?

    1. occurrences
      (いっ)(しゅう)(かん)()(かい)
      isshūkan ni nikai
      twice a week
    2. innings in baseball, games, rounds
    3. (Kansai) indicating year of university students
      一回生(いっかいせい)
      ikkaisei
      freshmen (in university)

    Noun[edit]

    (かい) (kaiくわい (kwai)?

    1. time, occasion
    2. turn, round
    3. episode, chapter
      ()(かい)
      jikai
      next episode
    4. (baseball, softball) inning
    See also[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 2
    goon

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɦuʌi).

    The goon pronunciation, so likely the initial borrowing.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    () (e (we)?

    1. turn; turn around

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 돌아올 (doraol hoe))

    1. (suffix) time, occurrence, occasion
    2. return to time

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: hồi[1]

    1. to return, to turn around
    2. a time or occurrence (especially in the past)
    3. a chapter, an act
    4. (only in compound) anything related to Islam

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]