Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
介-bw.png
Stroke order
介-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 人中中 (OLL), four-corner 80220, composition丿)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 91, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 359
  • Dae Jaweon: page 194, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 103, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+4ECB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
介-oracle.svg 介-bronze.svg 介-bigseal.svg 介-seal.svg




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiɛ⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕiɛ⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕie⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕiɛ²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiɛ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiɛ³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiɛ⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕie¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕiə¹³/
/kɛ¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /kai³⁵/
Chengdu /kai¹³/
/t͡ɕiai¹³/
Guiyang /kai²¹³/
/t͡ɕie²¹³/
Kunming /kæ²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiɛ⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕie̞⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕie⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕie̞³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕie⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ka³⁵/
/t͡ɕia³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕiɑ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕie̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /ka⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕia³²⁴/
/ka³²⁴/
Tunxi /ka⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /kai⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /kai⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /kai⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kiai⁵³/
Taoyuan /ke⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kai³³/
Nanning /kai³³/
Hong Kong /kai³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kai²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɑi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kai³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kai²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kai³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (33)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɣɛiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɯæiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɐiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəɨjH/
Li
Rong
/kɛiH/
Wang
Li
/kɐiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kăiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiè
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiè
Middle
Chinese
‹ kɛjH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤr[e]p-s/
English armour; scale of animals

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6525
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kreːds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to lie between
  2. to relate two things; to connect; to link; to introduce
  3. to assist; to help
  4. to hang; to suspend
  5. to rely on; to depend on
  6. firm; persistent; unswerving
  7. such; like this; this kind of
  8. Original form of (jiè, “boundary; role; duty”).
  9. iota; tiny bit. Alternative form of (jiè).
  10. Classifier for people or copper coins.
  11. seashell; shell
  12. to wear armour

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Hong Kong) Informal shorthand for ().

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. shell, shellfish
  2. to be between, mediate
  3. concern oneself with
  4. interfere

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gae) (hangeul , revised gae, McCune-Reischauer kae, Yale kay)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giới, lương)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.