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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹手一手十 (HQMQJ), four-corner 21550, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 427, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11969
  • Dae Jaweon: page 775, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1846, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+62DC

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pai⁵¹/
Harbin /pai⁵³/
Tianjin /pai⁵³/
Jinan /pɛ²¹/
Qingdao /pɛ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pai³¹²/
Xi'an /pai⁴⁴/
Xining /pɛ²¹³/
Yinchuan /pɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /pɛ¹³/
Ürümqi /pai²¹³/
Wuhan /pai³⁵/
Chengdu /pai¹³/
Guiyang /pai²¹³/
Kunming /pæ²¹²/
Nanjing /pae⁴⁴/
Hefei /pe̞⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /pai⁴⁵/
Pingyao /pæ³⁵/
Hohhot /pɛ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /pa³⁵/
Suzhou /pɑ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /pe̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /pa⁴²/
Hui Shexian /pa³²⁴/
Tunxi /pa⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /pai⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /pai⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /pai⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /pai⁵³/
Taoyuan /pɑi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pai³³/
Nanning /pai³³/
Hong Kong /pai³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pai²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /puɑi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pai³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pai²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbai³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (1)
Final: (33)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: bài
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pɣɛiH/ /pɯæiH/ /pɐiH/ /pəɨjH/ /pɛiH/ /pɐiH/ /păiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
bài ‹ pɛjH › /*C.pˤro[t]-s/ bow, bend (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
222 3 𢷎 /*proːds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to do obeisance; bow; kowtow

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bae) (hangeul , revised bae, McCune-Reischauer pae, Yale pay)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bái, vái, bay, bây, phai, phải)

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