phải

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: phai and phái

Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese (“to suffer; passive marker”; SV: bị) (Old Chinese: /*m-pʰ(r)ajʔ, m-pʰ(r)ajʔ-s, mə-pʰ(r)aj, pʰ(r)aj-s/ in Baxter and Sagart (2014)), along the semantic evolution of “to have to endure; to suffer” > “have to; must” > “correct” > “right (in direction)”. It may reflect an Old Chinese pronunciation /*N-pʰ(r)ajʔ-s/ with the loss of a nasal prefix as is also seen in other early loans (Sagart, per. comm.).

The common Vietic word for “right” is Proto-Vietic *dam ~ *tam, whence the now-archaic đăm.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

phải (, , )

  1. (often with bên) right (side, direction) (in bên phải)
    Đi bên phải đường.
    Go on the right side of the road.
    Rẽ (tay) phải. Quẹo (tay) phải.
    Turn right.
  2. correct
    Không phải như thế.
    Not so.
  3. obverse
    mặt phải của tấm vải
    the obverse of a piece of cloth

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

phải

  1. (modal auxiliary) must, have to, should
    Tôi phải đi ngay.
    I must go right away.
    Phải đủ điểm mới được lên lớp.
    One must earn high enough grades to be promoted to the next grade.
  2. (transitive) to have to endure (something unpleasant)
    Giẫm phải gai.
    to tread on thorns.
    ngộ phải gió độc
    in case one encounters bad wind (i.e., the cold or inclement weather)
    Tôi đi phải ngày mưa gió.
    I had to go on a rainy and windy day.

Derived terms[edit]

Particle[edit]

phải

  1. yes (in response to a question containing phải)

References[edit]