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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 戈人土心 (IOGP) or 戈土心 (IGP), four-corner 00231, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 405, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11330
  • Dae Jaweon: page 746, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2359, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+61C9

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qɯŋ, *qɯŋs): phonetic  ‎(OC *qɯŋ) + semantic  ‎(heart).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 應 (該)
Mandarin Beijing /iŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /iŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /iŋ²¹/
Jinan /iŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /iŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /iŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /iŋ²¹/
Xining /iə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /iŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ĩn¹³/
Ürümqi /iŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /in³⁵/
Chengdu /in⁵⁵/
Guiyang /in²¹³/
Kunming /ĩ¹/
Nanjing /in³¹/
Hefei /in²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /iəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /iŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ĩŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /iŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /in⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔin³³/
Wenzhou /j̠aŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /iʌ̃³²⁴/
Tunxi /iɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /in⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /in⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /in⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /in⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /in⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jeŋ⁵³/
Nanning /jeŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jiŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /eiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /eŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /eŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɨŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔieŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔiŋ/
Li
Rong
/ʔiəŋ/
Wang
Li
/ĭəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯əŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yīng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔing ›
Old
Chinese
/*[q](r)əŋ/
English ought

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 15346
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qɯŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. should; ought to
  2. perhaps; maybe

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 應 (對)
Mandarin Beijing /iŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /iŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /iŋ⁵³/
Jinan /iŋ²¹/
Qingdao /iŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /iŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /iŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /iə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /iŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /ĩn¹³/
Ürümqi /iŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /in³⁵/
Chengdu /in¹³/
Guiyang /in²¹³/
Kunming /ĩ²¹²/
Nanjing /in⁴⁴/
Hefei /in⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /iəŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /iŋ³⁵/
/i³⁵/ 答~
Hohhot /ĩŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /iŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /in⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /ʔin⁵³⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /j̠aŋ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /iʌ̃³²⁴/
Tunxi /in⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /in⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /in⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /in⁴⁵/ ~付
/ŋiɛn⁴⁵/ ~一聲
Hakka Meixian /in⁵³/
Taoyuan /in⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jeŋ³³/
Nanning /jeŋ³³/
Hong Kong /jiŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iŋ²¹/
/in²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ɛiŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /aiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /eŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /eŋ³⁵/
/in³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɨŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔieŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔiŋH/
Li
Rong
/ʔiəŋH/
Wang
Li
/ĭəŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯əŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yìng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 15349
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qɯŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to answer; to reply
  2. to permit; to promise
  3. to agree; to echo; to go along with
  4. to handle; to deal with
  5. to confirm; to verify
  6. to suit; to fit
  7. to accept
  8. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(eung) (hangeul , revised eung, McCune-Reischauer ŭng, Yale ung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ứng, ưng, ừng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.