- A province in the northern part of China. Capital: Taiyuan.
- [1738, A Description of the Empire of China and Chinese-Tartary, Together with the Kingdoms of Korea, and Tibet, volume I, London, translation of original by J. B. Du Halde, →OCLC, page 172:
- Shi-whang-ti having obſerv’d in viſiting his Empire that the Northern Provinces, eſpecially Pe-che-li, Shan-ſi, and Shen-ſi, were much expoſed to the ſudden Incurſions of the Tartars ; he fent a formidable Army, which having driven them back a great way beyond the Frontiers of the Empire, he immediately put in Execution the Scheme he had form'd to ſecure his Country againſt ſuch dangerous Neighbours, by building a Wall from the Sea to the Extremities of the Province of Shen-ſi.]
- 1975, Janet Goldwasser, Stuart Dowty, “Agriculture: The Foundation”, in Huan-Ying: Worker's China, Monthly Review Press, →ISBN Invalid ISBN, →LCCN, →OCLC, page 101:
- The Tachai Production Brigade is part of the Tachai Commune in Xiyang County, Shanxi Province, in Northern China. It’s tucked away in the Taihang Mountains, a bit over two hundred miles southwest of Peking, in an area with poor soil, serious erosion, and rock-strewn, mountainous terrain.
- 2008 April 21, Eric Ng, “China Leason budgets 200m yuan to expand gas liquefaction”, in South China Morning Post, →ISSN, →OCLC, archived from the original on 19 August 2023:
- First-phase liquefaction and storage facilities are in Qinshui county, Shanxi province while the second phase is in nearby Yangcheng county. Shanxi is the nation's largest coal-producing region accounting for about 25 per cent of the nation's output.
- 2017 October 21, Chris Buckley, “In China’s Coal Capital, Xi Jinping’s Dream Remains Elusive”, in The New York Times, →ISSN, →OCLC, archived from the original on 21 October 2017, Asia Pacific:
- Mr. Xi began proclaiming his dream since taking power five years ago, though he focused much of his early efforts on battling corruption. In Shanxi, the province that includes Datong, investigators have arrested so many corrupt cadres that the national government has declared the region to be in a state of “implosive corruption.”
- For more quotations using this term, see Citations:Shanxi.
- Not to be confused with Shaanxi.
|Provinces: Anhui · Fujian · Guangdong · Gansu · Guizhou · Henan · Hubei · Hebei · Hainan · Heilongjiang · Hunan · Jilin · Jiangsu · Jiangxi · Liaoning · Qinghai · Sichuan · Shandong · Shaanxi · Shanxi · Taiwan (claimed) · Yunnan · Zhejiang|
|Autonomous regions: Guangxi · Inner Mongolia · Ningxia · Tibet Autonomous Region · Xinjiang|
|Municipalities: Beijing · Tianjin · Shanghai · Chongqing|
|Special administrative regions: Hong Kong · Macau|
- “Shanxi”, in Collins English Dictionary.
- Shanxi, Shansi, Shan-hsi, Xansi at Google Ngram Viewer
- “Shanxi, pn.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.
- “Shanxi”, in OneLook Dictionary Search.
- “Shanxi”, in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: Merriam-Webster, 1996–present.
- “Shanxi” in TheFreeDictionary.com, Huntingdon Valley, Pa.: Farlex, Inc., 2003–2023.
- (proscribed) Alternative form of .
- 1975, Janet Goldwasser, Stuart Dowty, “Principles of Chinese Socialism”, in Huan-Ying: Worker's China, Monthly Review Press, →ISBN Invalid ISBN, →LCCN, →OCLC, page 298:
- The "Yenan Period," 1935-1947, was the decisive decade of the Chinese Revolution.* […]
Liu Bao-zhei had helped create the Yenan spirit; he had joined the Eighth Route Army in 1937, leaving his home in Henan Province to fight the Japanese in the North. We met Liu on a state farm nestled in the Nanniwan Valley, near Yenan. His face, rough and creased, reflected many years of labor in the harsh climate of northern Shanxi Province. Liu wore a towel tied about his head in the traditional peasant fashion of the area.
- 1997, Donald J. Marion, The Chinese Filmography: The 2444 Feature Films Produced by Studios in the People's Republic of China from 1949 through 1995, McFarland & Company, →ISBN, →LCCN, →OCLC, →OL, page 212:
- After the Red Army sets up headquarters at Yanan in north Shanxi province, he accepts a frontline post in repelling the Japanese invasion, and becomes commander of the New Fourth Army.
- 2000 December 6, Mark Landler, “Could Terra-Cotta Warriors Be a Trojan Horse?”, in The New York Times, →ISSN, →OCLC, archived from the original on 19 March 2023, World, page 2:
- A fervent believer in an afterlife, Qin Shihuang ordered his tomb to be guarded by 8,000 terra-cotta statues. This grandiose resting place was accidentally disinterred in 1976 by farmers digging a well in the ancient capital, Xian, during a drought.
Dr. Huang broached the idea of a terra-cotta exhibit on a trip to Shanxi Province, where Xian is located, three years ago.
- 2002, “Cleaning the Yellow River”, in 修月祯 [Xiu Yuezhen], editor, 旅游英语教程 [Lü you ying yu jiao cheng], Beijing: Renmin University of China, →ISBN, →OCLC, pages 256–257:
- Owing to soil erosion, some farmland has become totally barren. In Chenjiagedu Village, Fugu county, Shanxi Province, since all farmland was lost, the local people were obliged to travel several kilometers for fertile soil.
- 2003, Guangqiu Xu, Imperial China, 617-1644 (World Eras), volume 7, →ISBN, →LCCN, →OCLC, →OL, page 98:
- 634 ·The Palace of Great Clarity, an imperial resort including residential and official buildings, is constructed northwest of Chang’an in Shanxi Province.
636 ·The Zhaoling (Clarity Tomb) of Emperor Taizong is built in Liquan County, Shanxi Province. The tomb includes the well-known stone sculpture Six Horses of the Clarity Tomb.
- 2005, Fiona Fordyce, “Selenium Deficiency and Toxicity in the Environment”, in Essentials of Medical Geology: Impacts of the Natural Environment on Public Health, →ISBN, →OCLC, →OL, page 400:
- In China, an outbreak of endemic human selenosis was reported in Enshi District, Hubei Province, and in Ziyang County, Shanxi Province, during the 1960s.
- For more quotations using this term, see Citations:Shanxi.
Because of homography with Shanxi (山西 (Shānxī), another province of China, this spelling is proscribed.
The official English language names for the two provinces are:
(1) Shanxi Province (山西 (Shānxī)) with only one 'a' (capital: Taiyuan) and
(2) Shaanxi Province (陝西／陕西 (Shǎnxī)) with two a's (capital: Xi'an).
The Chinese characters used in the names of the two provinces are different (the character 山 (shān) in Shanxi versus the character 陝／陕 (shǎn) in Shaanxi). The names of the two provinces are similarly (but not identically) pronounced.