Shanxi

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Shānxī and Shaanxi

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Commons:Category
Wikimedia Commons has more media related to:

Etymology 1[edit]

From the Hanyu Pinyin romanization of Chinese 山西 (Shānxī, [Land] West of the [Taihang] Mountains), in reference to the location of the province's central Fen River valley.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Shanxi

  1. A province in the northern part of China. Capital: Taiyuan.
    • [1738, Du Halde, J. B., A Description of the Empire of China and Chinese-Tartary, Together with the Kingdoms of Korea, and Tibet[1], volume I, London, OCLC 13628142, page 172:
      Shi-whang-ti having obſerv’d in viſiting his Empire that the Northern Provinces, eſpecially Pe-che-li, Shan-ſi, and Shen-ſi, were much expoſed to the ſudden Incurſions of the Tartars ; he fent a formidable Army, which having driven them back a great way beyond the Frontiers of the Empire, he immediately put in Execution the Scheme he had form'd to ſecure his Country againſt ſuch dangerous Neighbours, by building a Wall from the Sea to the Extremities of the Province of Shen-ſi.]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the Hanyu Pinyin romanization of Chinese 山溪 (Shānxī)

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Shanxi

  1. An urban village in Shimen district, New Taipei, Taiwan.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From the Hanyu Pinyin romanization of Mandarin Chinese pronunciation for 陝西陕西 (Shǎnxī).

Proper noun[edit]

Shanxi

  1. (proscribed) Alternative form of Shaanxi.
    • 1997, Donald J. Marion, The Chinese Filmography: The 2444 Feature Films Produced by Studios in the People's Republic of China from 1949 through 1995[2], McFarland & Company, →ISBN, LCCN 96-49551, OCLC 493528511, OL 1009518M, page 212:
      After the Red Army sets up headquarters at Yanan in north Shanxi[sic – meaning Shaanxi] province, he accepts a frontline post in repelling the Japanese invasion, and becomes commander of the New Fourth Army.
    • 2002, “Cleaning the Yellow River”, in Xiu Yuezhen (修月祯), editor, 旅游英语教程 [Lü you ying yu jiao cheng]‎[3], Beijing: Renmin University of China, →ISBN, OCLC 298608916, pages 256-257:
      Owing to soil erosion, some farmland has become totally barren. In Chenjiagedu Village, Fugu county, Shanxi[sic – meaning Shaanxi] Province, since all farmland was lost, the local people were obliged to travel several kilometers for fertile soil.
    • 2003, Guangqiu Xu, Imperial China, 617-1644 (World Eras)‎[4], volume 7, →ISBN, LCCN 2002007914, OCLC 1020890979, OL 11093338M, page 98:
      634 ·The Palace of Great Clarity, an imperial resort including residential and official buildings, is constructed northwest of Chang’an in Shanxi[sic – meaning Shaanxi] Province.
      636 ·The Zhaoling (Clarity Tomb) of Emperor Taizong is built in Liquan County, Shanxi Province. The tomb includes the well-known stone sculpture Six Horses of the Clarity Tomb.
    • 2005, Fiona Fordyce, “Selenium Deficiency and Toxicity in the Environment”, in Essentials of Medical Geology: Impacts of the Natural Environment on Public Health[5], →ISBN, OCLC 856591264, OL 7328963M, page 400:
      In China, an outbreak of endemic human selenosis was reported in Enshi District, Hubei Province, and in Ziyang County, Shanxi[sic – meaning Shaanxi] Province, during the 1960s.
    • 2008, James MacManus, Ocean Devil[6], Harper Perennial, →ISBN, OCLC 182663117, OL 22532988M, page 148:
      Production around the town of Ankang, a hundred miles south of Xian in Shanxi[sic – meaning Shaanxi] province, dropped by 25 per cent.
Usage notes[edit]

Because of homography with Shanxi (山西 (Shānxī), of shān rather than shǎn), this form is proscribed.