山西

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Chinese[edit]

mountain; hill west
simp. and trad.
(山西)
西
Literally: “west of the mountain”.
Wikipedia has articles on:
山西 (Written Standard Chinese?)
Shanxi (English)

Etymology[edit]

Shanxi
From the position of the province's central Fen River valley west of the Taihang Mountains.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character 西
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (21) (16)
Final () (73) (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠɛn/ /sei/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚæn/ /sei/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃæn/ /sɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂəɨn/ /sɛj/
Li
Rong
/ʃɛn/ /sei/
Wang
Li
/ʃæn/ /siei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂăn/ /siei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shān
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character 西 西
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shān
Middle
Chinese
‹ srɛn › ‹ sej › ‹ sej ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-ŋrar/ /*s-nˤər/ /*s-nˤər/
English mountain, hill west west

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 西
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 11052 13236
Phonetic
component
西
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 1
Corresponding
MC rime
西
Old
Chinese
/*sreːn/ /*sɯːl/

Proper noun[edit]

山西

  1. () Shanxi (a province of China)
  2. (historical, specifically) the area to the west of the Taihang Mountains
  3. (historical, specifically) the area to the west of Mount Hua

Noun[edit]

山西

  1. west of the mountain (in general)

Related terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
西
さん
Grade: 1
せい
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Proper noun[edit]

山西 (hiragana さんせい, rōmaji Sansei)

  1. Shanxi province

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
西
やま
Grade: 1
にし
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Proper noun[edit]

山西 (hiragana やまにし, rōmaji Yamanishi)

  1. A surname​.