山東

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See also: 山东

Chinese[edit]

mountain; hill east
trad. (山東)
simp. (山东)
anagram 東山东山
Literally: “east of the mountain”.
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山東

Etymology[edit]

Shandong
So named as it lies on the east of the Taihang Mountains.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (21) (5)
Final () (73) (1)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠɛn/ /tuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚæn/ /tuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃæn/ /tuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂəɨn/ /təwŋ/
Li
Rong
/ʃɛn/ /tuŋ/
Wang
Li
/ʃæn/ /tuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂăn/ /tuŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shān dōng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shān dōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ srɛn › ‹ tuwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-ŋrar/ /*tˁoŋ/ (< *tˁoŋʔ ?)
English mountain, hill east

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 11052 2435
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sreːn/ /*toːŋ/
Notes

Proper noun[edit]

山東

  1. () Shandong (a province of China)
  2. (historical, specifically) the area to the east of Hangu Pass
  3. (historical, specifically) the area to the east of the Taihang Mountains
  4. (historical, specifically) the area to the east of Mount Hua

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

山東

  1. east of the mountain (in general)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
さん
Grade: 1
とう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Proper noun[edit]

山東 (hiragana さんとう, rōmaji Santō)

  1. Shandong