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U+76AE, 皮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-76AE

[U+76AD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+76AF]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
皮-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 107 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 木竹水 (DHE), four-corner 40247)

  1. Kangxi radical #107, (skin).

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 790, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22823
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1205, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2753, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+76AE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
皮-bronze.svg 皮-bigseal.svg 皮-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pral, *prals
*pral, *prals
*pralʔ
*pralʔ
*pralʔ, *prals
*prals
*prals, *paːlʔ
*pʰral, *pʰralʔ
*pʰral
*pʰral, *pʰrals
*pʰral
*pʰral
*pʰral
*pʰral
*pʰral, *brals
*pʰral, *pʰrals
*pʰralʔ, *paːl
*bral
*bral
*bralʔ, *brals
*brals
*brals
*mbralʔ
*paːl
*paːl, *baːl
*paːl
*paːlʔ, *paːls
*paːlʔ, *pʰaːlʔ
*pʰaːl, *pʰaːlʔ, *pʰaːls
*pʰaːl
*pʰaːl
*pʰaːls
*baːl
*baːl

Pictogram (象形) – a hand () stripping the fur from an animal pelt (similar to ). The pelt moved to the top left and became abstracted.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • puòi - vernacular;
  • pì - literary.
Note:
  • phê/phêr/phôe - vernacular;
  • pî - vernacular (limited, e.g. 五加皮);
  • phî - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (13)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bˠiᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/bᵚiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/biɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bjiə̆/
Li
Rong
/bje/
Wang
Li
/bǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bje ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-[p](r)aj/
English skin

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9711
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bral/

Definitions[edit]

  1. skin; hide; fur; leather
  2. peel; shell
  3. bark; rind
  4. wrapper; cover; skin
  5. surface; top part
  6. rubber
  7. thin sheet
  8. outer; superficial
  9. sticky; glutinous
  10. soggy; non-crispy
  11. naughty; disobedient
  12. thick-skinned
  13. (loanword) pico- (SI unit prefix)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

kapa → kaɸa → kawa.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かわ, romaji kawa, historical hiragana かは)

  1. skin
    • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 2, page 33:
      皮 釋名云、皮. 音疲、加波

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(pi) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer p'i, Yale phi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, bề, vừa, bầy, bìa, vào)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.