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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
皮-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
皮-bronze.svg 皮-bigseal.svg 皮-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a hand stripping the fur from an animal pelt (similar to ). Pelt moved to top left and became abstracted.

Han character[edit]

(radical 107 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 木竹水 (DHE), four-corner 40247, composition丿)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 790, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22823
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1205, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2753, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+76AE

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (皮), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 支
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 符羈切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/biᴇ/ /bʱie̯/ /bie/ /biɛ/ /biə̆/ /bǐe/ /bjɛ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ bje › /*m-[p](r)aj/ skin

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9711 1 /*bral/

Definitions[edit]

  1. skin, hide, fur, leather
  2. outer
  3. naughty
  4. The SI unit prefix pico
  5. bark
  6. pericarp
  7. cortex
  8. epidermis

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ministry of Education, R.O.C. (2011), “Entry #1862”, Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan (臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典)[1]

Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

kapa → kaɸa → kawa.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かわ, romaji kawa, historical hiragana かは)

  1. skin
    • 931-938, Wamyō Ruijushō (book 2 page 33)
      皮 釋名云、皮. 音疲、加波

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]



Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(pi) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer p'i, Yale phi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, bề, vừa, bầy, bìa, vào)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.