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U+76AE, 皮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-76AE

[U+76AD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+76AF]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
皮-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 107, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 木竹水 (DHE), four-corner 40247)

  1. Kangxi radical #107, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 790, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22823
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1205, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2753, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+76AE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
皮-bronze.svg 皮-seal.svg 皮-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pral, *prals
*pral, *prals
*pralʔ
*pralʔ
*pralʔ, *prals
*prals
*prals, *paːlʔ
*pʰral, *pʰralʔ
*pʰral
*pʰral, *pʰrals
*pʰral
*pʰral
*pʰral
*pʰral
*pʰral, *brals
*pʰral, *pʰrals
*pʰralʔ, *paːl
*bral
*bral
*bralʔ, *brals
*brals
*brals
*mbralʔ
*paːl
*paːl, *baːl
*paːl
*paːlʔ, *paːls
*paːlʔ, *pʰaːlʔ
*pʰaːl, *pʰaːlʔ, *pʰaːls
*pʰaːl
*pʰaːl
*pʰaːls
*baːl
*baːl

Pictogram (象形) – a hand () stripping the fur from an animal pelt (similar to ). The pelt moved to the top left and became abstracted.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: pei4-2 - “leather” (as a single word), also used in some compounds.
Note:
  • puòi - vernacular;
  • pì - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • phê/phêr/phôe - vernacular;
    • pî - vernacular (limited, e.g. 五加皮);
    • phî - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (13)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bˠiᴇ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bᵚiɛ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /biɛ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /bjiə̆/
    Li
    Rong
    /bje/
    Wang
    Li
    /bǐe/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱie̯/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bje ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-[p](r)aj/
    English skin

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9711
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bral/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. skin; hide; fur; leather
    2. peel; shell
    3. bark; rind
    4. wrapper; cover; skin
    5. surface; top part
    6. rubber
    7. thin sheet
    8. outer; superficial
    9. sticky; glutinous
    10. soggy; non-crispy
    11. naughty; disobedient
    12. thick-skinned
    13. (loanword) pico- (SI unit prefix)

    Compounds[edit]

    See also[edit]

    SI prefix
    Last Next
    /

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    kapa → kaɸa → kawa.

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かわ, rōmaji kawa, historical hiragana かは)

    1. skin
      • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 2, page 33:
        皮 釋名云、皮. 音疲、加波

    Related terms[edit]

    References[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (pi) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer p'i, Yale phi)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (, bề, vừa, bầy, bìa, vào)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.