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U+7834, 破
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7834

[U+7833]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7835]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 112 +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 一口木竹水 (MRDHE), four-corner 14647, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 829, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24124
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1244, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2426, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+7834

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pral, *prals
*pral, *prals
*pralʔ
*pralʔ
*pralʔ, *prals
*prals
*prals, *paːlʔ
*pʰral, *pʰralʔ
*pʰral
*pʰral, *pʰrals
*pʰral
*pʰral
*pʰral
*pʰral
*pʰral, *brals
*pʰral, *pʰrals
*pʰralʔ, *paːl
*bral
*bral
*bralʔ, *brals
*brals
*brals
*mbralʔ
*paːl
*paːl, *baːl
*paːl
*paːlʔ, *paːls
*paːlʔ, *pʰaːlʔ
*pʰaːl, *pʰaːlʔ, *pʰaːls
*pʰaːl
*pʰaːl
*pʰaːls
*baːl
*baːl

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pʰaːls): semantic  + phonetic (OC *bral).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • puái - vernacular;
  • pó̤ - literary.
Note:
  • phòa - vernacular;
  • phò - literary.
Note:
  • 2pha - vernacular;
  • 2phu - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰo⁵¹/
Harbin /pʰɤ⁵³/
Tianjin /pʰo⁵³/
Jinan /pʰə²¹/
Qingdao /pʰə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰo³¹²/
Xi'an /pʰo⁴⁴/
Xining /pʰɔ²¹³/
Yinchuan /pʰuə¹³/
Lanzhou /pʰə¹³/
Ürümqi /pʰɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /pʰo³⁵/
Chengdu /pʰo¹³/
Guiyang /pʰo²¹³/
Kunming /pʰo²¹²/
Nanjing /pʰo⁴⁴/
Hefei /pʰʊ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰɤ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /pʰei³⁵/
/pʰʌʔ¹³/
/pʰɔ³⁵/
Hohhot /pʰɤ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /pʰu³⁵/
Suzhou /pʰu⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /pʰo⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /pʰøy⁴²/
/pʰa⁴²/
Hui Shexian /pʰo³²⁴/
Tunxi /pʰa⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /pʰo⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /pʰo⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /pʰo²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /pʰo⁵³/
Taoyuan /pʰo⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰɔ³³/
Nanning /pʰɔ³³/
Hong Kong /pʰɔ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pʰo²¹/
/pʰua²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰuɑi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰɔ³³/
/pʰuɛ³³/
/pʰo⁴⁴/ ~命
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰua²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fo³⁵/
/fua³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (2)
Final () (95)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰuɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰuɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰuɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰwaH/
Li
Rong
/pʰuɑH/
Wang
Li
/pʰuɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰuɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ phaH ›
Old
Chinese
/*pʰˤaj-s/
English break (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9732
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰaːls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to break; to ruin; to destroy
  2. to rout; to drive out; to drive away; to banish
  3. broken; worn out; damaged
  4. (colloquial) low-quality; poor

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. break
  2. cut

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(pa) (hangeul , revised pa, McCune-Reischauer p'a, Yale pha)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phá, vỡ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.