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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 112 +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 一口木竹水 (MRDHE), four-corner 14647, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 829, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24124
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1244, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2426, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+7834

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰo⁵¹/
Harbin /pʰɤ⁵³/
Tianjin /pʰo⁵³/
Jinan /pʰə²¹/
Qingdao /pʰə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰo³¹²/
Xi'an /pʰo⁴⁴/
Xining /pʰɔ²¹³/
Yinchuan /pʰuə¹³/
Lanzhou /pʰə¹³/
Ürümqi /pʰɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /pʰo³⁵/
Chengdu /pʰo¹³/
Guiyang /pʰo²¹³/
Kunming /pʰo²¹²/
Nanjing /pʰo⁴⁴/
Hefei /pʰʊ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰɤ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /pʰei³⁵/
/pʰʌʔ¹³/
/pʰɔ³⁵/
Hohhot /pʰɤ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /pʰu³⁵/
Suzhou /pʰu⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /pʰo⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /pʰøy⁴²/
/pʰa⁴²/
Hui Shexian /pʰo³²⁴/
Tunxi /pʰa⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /pʰo⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /pʰo⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /pʰo²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /pʰo⁵³/
Taoyuan /pʰo⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰɔ³³/
Nanning /pʰɔ³³/
Hong Kong /pʰɔ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pʰo²¹/
/pʰua²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰuɑi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰɔ³³/
/pʰuɛ³³/
/pʰo⁴⁴/ ~命
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰua²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fo³⁵/
/fua³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (2)
Final: (95)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: pò
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰuɑH/ /pʰuɑH/ /pʰuɑH/ /pʰwaH/ /pʰuɑH/ /pʰuɑH/ /pʰuɑH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ phaH › /*pʰˤaj-s/ break (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9732 1 /*pʰaːls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. break, ruin, destroy
  2. rout, drives-out, drives-away, banishes
  3. broken, worn out, damaged
  4. (colloquial) low quality

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. break
  2. cut

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(pa) (hangeul , revised pa, McCune-Reischauer p'a, Yale pha)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phá, vỡ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.