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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(earth) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +16, 19 strokes, cangjie input 土卜田女 (GYWV), four-corner 44132, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 242, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5590
  • Dae Jaweon: page 481, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 500, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+58DE

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣuɛiH/ /kwăiH/ /kuɛiH/ /kʷɯæiH/ /kwəɨjH/ /kwɐiH/ /kuɐiH/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣuɛiH/ /ɣwăiH/ /ɣuɛiH/ /ɦʷɯæiH/ /ɦwəɨjH/ /ɣwɐiH/ /ɣuɐiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huài ‹ hwɛjH › /*N-[k]ˤ<r>uj-s/ be destroyed
huài ‹ hwɛjH › /*m-[k]ˤ<r>uj-s/ destroy
huài ‹ hwojX › /*N-[k]ˤujʔ/ be destroyed
huài ‹ hwojX › /*m-[k]ˤujʔ/ destroy
huài ‹ kwɛjH › /*[k]ʷˤ<r>ujʔ-s/ destroy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5344 2 /*ɡruːls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. bad
  2. rotten; spoiled
  3. to spoil; to go rotten
  4. broken (non-functional)
  5. to break; to stop working
  6. to ruin; to destroy

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(goe, hoe) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer koe, hoe)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoại, hoải, hoai)

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