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U+58DE, 壞
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-58DE

[U+58DD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+58DF]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +16, 19 strokes, cangjie input 土卜田女 (GYWV), four-corner 44132, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 242, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5590
  • Dae Jaweon: page 481, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 500, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+58DE

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kuːl
*kuːl, *ɡruːl
*ɡruːl, *ɡruːl
*ɡruːl
*ɡruːl
*ɡruːls
*ɡruːls

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡruːls): semantic  (earth) + phonetic  (OC *ɡruːl, *ɡruːl).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (33)
Final () (34) (34)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠuɛiH/ /ɦˠuɛiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷᵚæiH/ /ɦʷᵚæiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɐiH/ /ɣuɐiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwəɨjH/ /ɦwəɨjH/
Li
Rong
/kuɛiH/ /ɣuɛiH/
Wang
Li
/kwɐiH/ /ɣwɐiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwăiH/ /ɣwăiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guài huài
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/5 2/5 3/5 4/5 5/5
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huài huài huài huài huài
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwɛjH › ‹ hwɛjH › ‹ hwojX › ‹ hwojX › ‹ kwɛjH ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-[k]ˤ<r>uj-s/ /*m-[k]ˤ<r>uj-s/ /*N-[k]ˤujʔ/ /*m-[k]ˤujʔ/ /*[k]ʷˤ<r>ujʔ-s/
English be destroyed destroy be destroyed destroy destroy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5344
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡruːls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. bad
  2. rotten; spoiled
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  3. to spoil; to go rotten
  4. broken (non-functional)
  5. to break; to stop working
    容易 / 容易  ―  hěn róngyì huài  ―  breaks very easily
    而家真係犀利 [Cantonese, trad.]
    而家真系犀利 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Dou3 ji4 gaa1 dou1 zung6 mei6 waai6, zan1 hai6 sai1 lei6. [Jyutping]
    It's amazing, it hasn't broken.
  6. to ruin; to destroy

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(goe, hoe) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer koe, hoe)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoại, hoải, hoai)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.