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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
匪-bigseal.svg 匪-seal.svg

Han character[edit]

(radical 22 +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 尸中一卜 (SLMY), four-corner 71711, composition)

  1. bandits, robbers, gangsters
  2. (archaic) not, it is not . . . , without (modern Mandarin uses )

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 153, character 45
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2629
  • Dae Jaweon: page 346, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 87, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+532A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (21)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʉiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʷɨiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/piuəiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pujX/
Li
Rong
/piuəiX/
Wang
Li
/pĭwəiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pwe̯iX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fěi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fěi fěi
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjɨjX › ‹ pjɨjX ›
Old
Chinese
/*pəjʔ/ /*pəjʔ/
English bamboo basket bandit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3085
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pɯlʔ/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bi, bun) (hangeul , , revised bi, bun, McCune-Reischauer pi, pun)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phỉ)

Pronunciation[edit]

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