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U+53EB, 叫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53EB

[U+53EA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53EC]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
叫-bw.png
Stroke order
叫-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 口女中 (RVL), four-corner 64000, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 172, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3240
  • Dae Jaweon: page 383, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 573, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+53EB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
叫-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*krɯːw, *qʰrɯːw, *ɡu, *ɡʷrɯw
*kriːw
*ɡiw
*kiːws
*kiːws
*kiːws
*qʰljɯw, *qʰljɯws
*kɯw, *krɯwʔ
*kɯw, *krɯw, *krɯwʔ
*kɯw, *krɯw
*krɯw, *krɯwʔ
*ɡrɯw
*ɡrɯw
*ɡrɯw

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: giê3 - Chaozhou.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiɑu⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕiau⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕiɑu⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕiɔ²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiɔ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiau³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiau⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕiɔ²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕiɔ¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕiɔ¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiɔ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕiau³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕiau¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiao²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕiɔ²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiɔo⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕiɔ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiau⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiɔ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiɔ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiɔ³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕiæ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiɔ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕiɛ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiɔ³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕio⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕiau⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕiaɯ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕiɛu⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kiau⁵³/
Taoyuan /keu⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kiu³³/
Nanning /kiu³³/
Hong Kong /kiu³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiau²¹/
/kio²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kiɛu²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kiau²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kio²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kio³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (93)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/keuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/keuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/keuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɛwH/
Li
Rong
/keuH/
Wang
Li
/kieuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kieuH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiào
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiào
Middle
Chinese
‹ kewH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤewk-s/
English shout

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6918
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kiːws/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to be called
    什麼名字 / 什么名字  ―  jiào shénme míngzì?  ―  What is your name?
    • 什麼 / 什么  ―  Zhè jiào shénme?  ―  How do you call this? / What is it called?
  2. to call; to name
  3. to call (someone)
    警察  ―  jiào jǐngchá  ―  to call the police
  4. to cry; to shout
      ―  gǒujiào  ―  bark
  5. to hail; to greet
  6. to ask; to order
  7. to hire; to call (a taxi); to order (in a restaurant, in a shop)
  8. used in a passive sentence to introduce the agent; by

Usage notes[edit]

  • (to call, to be called): When used for a person, is generally followed by one's given name or full name, as in English.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (to be called): (xìng, “to be surnamed”)
  • (to order a dish): (diǎn)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. to shout, to scream
  2. to clamor for or against something, to make an appeal for or against something

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyu) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kyu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khiếu, kêu, kíu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.