Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
叫-bw.png
Stroke order
叫-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 口女中 (RVL), four-corner 64000, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 172, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3240
  • Dae Jaweon: page 383, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 573, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+53EB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiɑu⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕiau⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕiɑu⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕiɔ²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiɔ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiau³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiau⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕiɔ²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕiɔ¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕiɔ¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiɔ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕiau³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕiau¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiao²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕiɔ²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiɔo⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕiɔ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiau⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiɔ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiɔ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiɔ³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕiæ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiɔ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕiɛ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiɔ³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕio⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕiau⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕiaɯ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕiɛu⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kiau⁵³/
Taoyuan /keu⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kiu³³/
Nanning /kiu³³/
Hong Kong /kiu³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiau²¹/
/kio²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kiɛu²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kiau²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kio²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kio³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final: (93)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jiào
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/keuH/ /keuH/ /keuH/ /kɛwH/ /keuH/ /kieuH/ /kieuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiào ‹ kewH › /*kˤewk-s/ shout

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6918 3 /*kiːws/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to be called
    什么名字  ―  jiào shénme míngzì?  ―  What is your name?
    什么 / 什么  ―  Zhè jiào shénme?  ―  How do you call this? / What is it called?
  2. to call, to name
    我們經常綽號 / 我们经常绰号  ―  wǒmen jīngcháng jiào tā de chuòhào  ―  We often call him by his nickname.
    可以戴夫 / 可以戴夫  ―  Wǒ kěyǐ jiào tā Dàifū ma?  ―  May I call him Dave?
  3. to call (someone)
    警察  ―  jiào jǐngchá  ―  to call the police
    要是需要什麼 / 要是需要什么  ―  Yàoshì xūyào shénme, wǒ jiù jiào nǐ.  ―  I' ll call you if anything is needed.
  4. to cry, to shout
      ―  gǒujiào  ―  bark
    高興起來投入母親懷抱 [MSC, trad.]
    高兴起来投入母亲怀抱 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā gāoxìng dì jiào qǐlái, tóurù le tā mǔqīn de huáibào. [Pinyin]
    With a cry of joy, she fell into her mother's arms.
  5. to hail, to greet
  6. to ask, to order
    家裡 / 家里  ―  Jiào tā dài zài jiālǐ.  ―  Ask her to stay home.
    醫生休息 / 医生休息  ―  Yīshēng jiào tā xiūxī jǐ tiān.  ―  The doctor told him to lay off a couple of days.
  7. to hire, to call (a taxi), to order (in a restaurant, in a shop)
    什么還是 [MSC, trad.]
    什么还是 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ gěi nǐ jiào shénme cài? Ròu pái háishì yú? [Pinyin]
    What shall I order for you? Steak or fish?
  8. (used in a passive sentence to introduce the agent) by
    莊稼大水 / 庄稼大水  ―  Zhuāngjià jiào dàshuǐ chōng pǎo le.  ―  The crops were washed away by the flood.

Usage notes[edit]

  • (to call, to be called): when used for a person, 叫 refer to surname and / or name.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (xìng, “to be surnamed”)

See also[edit]

  • (diǎn, “to order”)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. to shout, to scream
  2. to clamor for or against something, to make an appeal for or against something

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyu) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kyu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khiếu, kêu, kíu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.